The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the Republic of Lithuania have signed an implementation agreement to cooperate in the prevention of illicit trafficking of nuclear and other radioactive materials. As part of the NNSA's Second Line of Defense (SLD) program, the NNSA and Lithuania's Ministry of Interior will work together to upgrade radiation detection equipment at selected locations. Under the agreement, the NNSA will provide the Lithuanian State Border Guard Service, which operates under the auspices of the Ministry of the Interior, with "radiation portal monitors, handheld radiation detectors and comprehensive training to assist personnel to detect, interdict and identify radioactive material." [1,2,3]
The United States and Lithuania previously collaborated on SLD projects in installing radiation detectors at the Vilnius Airport in 2004.[1,2]
Abstract Number: 20110020
Headline: NNSA and Lithuania's Ministry of Interior expand cooperation to prevent nuclear smuggling
Date: 22 February 2011
 "U.S., Lithuania Expand Cooperation to Prevent Nuclear Smuggling," National Nuclear Security Administration press release, 22 February 2011, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
 "Lithuania Set to Install Nuclear Smuggling Detectors at Airport," Global Security Newswire, 9 February, 2004, http://gsn.nti.org.
 Mark Rockwell, "Lithuania and NNSA Cooperate on Nuclear Smuggling," Government Security News, 23 February 2011, www.gsnmagazine.com.