United States 1540 Reporting

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Offers/Requests of Assistance: Through various U.S. assistance programs, the United States works with countries to develop capabilities within member nations to implement UNSCR 1540 both bilaterally and multilaterally. See the United Nations 1540 Committee Website for more information on Assistance from Member States.

Financial Crimes/Money Laundering: The U.S. Justice and Treasury Departments play a significant role in preventing terrorist financing and money laundering. By providing technical assistance and training, the Justice Department ensures that terrorist financing and money laundering are preventable. Additionally, the Department of the Treasury supports the global fight against terrorist financing by developing and implementing targeted financial sanctions.

WMD Materials Security and Control

General

The Departments of Defense, Energy, Justice, Treasury, Homeland Security, and State work bilaterally and multilaterally with many countries worldwide to detect, prevent, and reverse the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

Nuclear

The United States sponsors bilateral and multilateral programs through the Department of Energy, the Department of Homeland Security, and various international programs to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons. These programs focus on security of materials, reduction of risk of terrorists acquiring nuclear weapons, international training sessions, and improvement of detection of fissile materials at border crossings. U.S. programs in the Russian Federation and other post-Soviet countries are focused on the security, safety, and control of nuclear weapons and fissile material that might be sought by terrorists.

Biological

The United States has strong outreach programs that encourage states to join and implement the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC). The United States also provides assistance, upon request, to existing BTWC states parties on issues relating to the completion of implementation requirements, and strengthening biosafety and pathogen security legislation and policies. Specifically, the United States is assisting Iraq to acquire equipment and training for bio-risk management and export control. The United States is also assisting the Iraq government to secure its borders.

Chemical

The United States has strong outreach programs encouraging universality and national implementation of the CWC; it provides information and technical assistance to member states on joining and meeting national implementation obligations. The United States conducts technical assistance visits, upon request, with ministry officials who are directly responsible for CWC implementation; it provides advice and support tailored to the specific needs of each member state to ensure full implementation of the CWC.

Means of Delivery: The U.S. Strategic Offensive Arms Elimination (SOAE) Program in the Russian Federation provides equipment and services to destroy or dismantle inter-continental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), ICBM silo launchers, road and rail mobile ICBM launchers, submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs), SLBM launchers and associated nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs), and related infrastructure in accordance with the old and New START Treaty. The program also supports the disposition of spent naval reactor fuel from dismantled SSBNs.

The U.S. Strategic Nuclear Arms Elimination (SNAE) Program is assisting Ukraine to safely store and eliminate its 163 SS-24 loaded motor cases.

Export Control and Border Security: A key tool in stemming the proliferation of WMD, their delivery systems, and related weapons and technologies is effective export and border controls. To meet this objective, the United States works to ensure that potential suppliers have proper controls on the export of munitions and dual-use goods and related technologies, and that transit/transshipment countries have the tools to interdict illicit shipments crossing their territories and implement controls to prevent diversions.

U.S. Assistance through International Organizations: The United States provides training and assistance to IAEA member states jointly with the IAEA. This assistance includes training courses on the physical protection of nuclear material and nuclear facilities, training courses on state systems of accounting for and control of nuclear materials, and training courses on nuclear security and the prevention of acts of nuclear terrorism. All of these training courses are organized on both an international and a regional basis. Additionally, the United States provides technical and legal experts to participate in various types of IAEA assessment and advisory missions at the request of IAEA member states. The United States offers technical and legal experts to prepare guidance and recommendations to IAEA member states on nuclear security-related matters, including implementation of the universal counterterrorism instruments aimed at protecting nuclear material, radioactive sources, and other radioactive material and associated facilities from terrorist attack.

Working with its international partners (see, for example, Mexico), the United States has assisted CARICOM in various activities. The United States continues to work with the Secretariat to establish better long-term administrative support to complement ongoing funding support. The U.S. is committed to continue funding CARICOM in its position of regional coordinator for implementation of resolution 1540. For more about specific U.S. assistance through international organizations, visit the U.S. Assistance page on the 1540 Committee website.

Treaties

Export-Control Regimes

Signed, Not Ratified

Additional Information

Corruption Perceptions Index (2014):  7/100 (ranked 17/175)

August 4, 2015
Table of Contents:
About

This article is part of a collection examining implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, which requires all states to implement measures aimed at preventing non-state actors from acquiring NBC weapons, related materials, and their means of delivery. It details the United States’ implementation efforts to-date.

This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2017.