Treaties Last updated: October, 2014
A PAROS treaty would build on the efforts of the 1967 Outer Space Treaty to preserve space for peaceful uses by committing States Parties to refrain from placing objects carrying any type of weapon into orbit, installing weapons on celestial bodies, and threatening to use force against objects in outer space.
Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous, or Other Gasses, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare (Geneva Protocol)
The Geneva Protocol prohibits the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous, or other gases, and of bacteriological methods of warfare. The Protocol provided the basis for the BTWC and CWC.
Treaty Banning Nuclear Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water (Partial Test Ban Treaty) (PTBT)
The PTBT requires parties to abstain from carrying out nuclear explosions in any environment where such explosions cause radioactive debris outside the limits of the State that conducts an explosion.
Treaty between The United States of America and the Russian Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (New START)
New START is the most recent agreement for nuclear arms reduction between the United States and Russia, establishing a limit on deployed strategic warheads.
Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Strategic Offensive Reductions (START I)
START I limited the number of strategic nuclear delivery vehicles and warheads. START II complemented START I by attempting to establish further limits on strategic nuclear weapons for each party.
Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Strategic Offensive Reductions (START II)
START II complemented START I by attempting to establish further limits on strategic nuclear weapons for each party.
Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their Intermediate-range and Shorter-range Missiles (INF Treaty)
The INF Treaty was a bilateral agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union. It was the first treaty to reduce nuclear arms instead of establishing an arms ceiling.
This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents.
Get the Facts on United States
- Deploys approximately 200 nuclear weapons in five NATO countries
- Dismantled over 13,000 nuclear warheads since 1988
- Still in the process of destroying its chemical weapons stockpile