Kumcheon Scud Missile Base
|Other Name:||금천 스커드미사일 기지, Kŭmch'ŏn-ri Missile Base, Kumcheon-ri Missile Base, Kumcheon Missile Base|
|Location:||Kŭmch'ŏn-ri (금천리), Anbyŏn-kun (안변군), Kangwŏn Province (강원도), North Korea|
|Subordinate To:||Missile Division (미사일 사단), Ministry of the People's Armed Forces (인민무력성), National Defense Commission (국방위원회) [Note: the Missile Division under the Ministry of the People's Armed Forces has been operating all missile bases after the 1998 merger of the Scu|
North Korea reportedly began construction of the Kumcheon missile base in 1992 or 1993, and construction of the base was reportedly nearing completion in March 2001. According to U.S. and South Korean military authorities, the base has an underground launch facility and tunnels for transporting the missiles. The Chosun Ilbo reports that Kumcheon is a base for Hwasong-6 [Scud-C] missiles; however, other reports only say it is a "Scud missile" base. [Note: Given that the Hwasong-5 and Hwasong-6 have the same dimensions, it appears likely that the facility is technically capable of handling both missiles.
 Kang Ho Shik, "Puk Missile Chŭngga Chŏllyŏk Chŏnjinbaech'i Anp'akk," Kyunghyang Shinmun, 5 March 2001, p. 3, in KINDS, www.kinds.or.kr;
 Kim Min Sŏk, "Puk Scud Missiler Kiji Chŭngsŏl," Joongang Ilbo, 5 March 2001, p. 2, in KINDS, www.kinds.or.kr;
 Kang Ho Shik, "Puk Scud Missile Kiji Chŭngsŏl," Kyunghyang Shinmun, 5 March 2001, p. 1, in KINDS, www.kinds.or.kr;
 Chu Yong Chung, "Sajŏng 500km Scud C Missile 200 Ki," Chosun Ilbo, 29 September 1999, p. 1, in KINDS, www.kinds.or.kr;
 Kim Chong Hun, "99 Kukbangbaeksŏ Palp'yo - Pukpyŏngnyŏk Manmyŏng Nŭl'ŏ 117 Manmyŏng," Kyunghyang Shinmun, 13 October 1999, p. 3, in KINDS, www.kinds.or.kr;
 Kim Yŏng Bŏn, "Puk Hwahangmugi 5,000t Poyu," Munhwa Ilbo, 13 October 1999, p. 30, in KINDS, www.kinds.or.kr;
 "Buk, Hwangbuk Tŏ'gol Tŭng 6 Kot Scud Missile Kiji Kongsa," Yonhap News Agency, 26 October 1999, www.yonhapnews.co.kr;
 Kim Min Sŏk, "Puk Missile Kiji Kyesok Chŭngsŏl," Joongang Ilbo, 5 March 2001, www.joins.com.
This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright © 2013 National Journal Group, Inc., 600 New Hampshire Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20037.