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Nuclear Research Center (NRC)

Other Name: N/A
Location: Inshas (NE Cairo suburb)
Subordinate To: Atomic Energy Authority (AEA)
Size: Large complex of buildings
Facility Status: Operational, expanding

The Nuclear Research Center (NRC) is Egypt's oldest and largest nuclear research institute, housing most of its nuclear capabilities. [1] The NRC is comprised of four divisions: Basic Nuclear Sciences; Reactors; Materials and Nuclear Industrialization; and Radioisotope Applications. [2] The NRC undertakes activities in the areas of basic nuclear science, the front end of the nuclear fuel cycle, reactors, and the application of radioisotopes in medicine, industry, and agriculture. [3]

The NRC facility includes the ETRR-1 research reactor, the ETRR-2 research reactor, the Fuel Manufacturing Pilot Plant and a pilot-scale conversion plant, all under IAEA safeguards. [4] Additional facilities include a fracture mechanics laboratory, an electronics laboratory, a 2.5 MeV Van de Graff accelerator, a low active solid waste incinerator, a semi-pilot heavy water laboratory, and an MGC-20 AVF accelerator (cyclotron) used for nuclear physics training. [5]

Key Sources:
[1] James M. Acton and Wyn Q. Bowen, "Atoms for Peace in the Middle East: The Technical and Regulatory Requirements," NPEC Working Paper Series, 2008, p. 17.
[2] Judith Perera, "Nuclear Industry of Egypt," March 2003, p. 15, www.opensource.gov.
[3] Judith Perera, "Nuclear Industry of Egypt," March 2003, p. 15, www.opensource.gov.
[4] Nuclear Programmes in the Middle East: In the shadow of Iran, ed. Mark Fitzpatrick, (London: The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2008), p. 25.
[5] Judith Perera, "Nuclear Industry of Egypt," March 2003, p. 15, www.opensource.gov; Nuclear Programmes in the Middle East: In the shadow of Iran, ed. Mark Fitzpatrick, (London: The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2008), p. 25.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents.

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