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Hot Laboratory and Waste Management Center (HLWMC)

Other Name: N/A
Location: Inshas (NE Cairo suburb)
Subordinate To: Atomic Energy Authority (AEA)
Size: Waste station, laboratories, and disposal site
Facility Status: Operational

The HLWMC is a waste management treatment and disposal facility that handles all of the liquid waste from Egypt's research reactors and civilian radioisotope production facilities. [1] The HLWMC consists of a low and intermediate level liquid waste station, radioisotope production laboratories, and a radioactive waste disposal site. It is also the only facility in Egypt known to contain hot cells for plutonium extraction research. However, the facility does not house nuclear material requiring IAEA safeguards. [2]

The AEA established the HLWMC in 1980 with IAEA support. [3] It is the AEA's primary facility for waste management, including chemistry and engineering analysis of the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle. The facility also performs irradiated uranium research, actinides chemical analysis, and research on solvent/extraction/ion exchange methods. [4] Radioactive isotopes disposed of at the 3,000 cubic meter repository site include Cobalt-60, Cesuim-137, Americium-241, and Iridium-192. [5] From 1993 to 2000, the IAEA provided advice and technical assistance on the operation of the liquid waste facility, and following successful testing in September 2000, finally completed the facility. [6]

Key Sources:
[1] James M. Acton and Wyn Q. Bowen, "Nurturing Nuclear Neophytes," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 64, No. 4, p. 32; Judith Perera, "Nuclear Industry of Egypt," March 2003, p. 20, www.opensource.gov.
[2] Nuclear Programmes in the Middle East: In the shadow of Iran, ed. Mark Fitzpatrick, (London: The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2008), pp. 22, 25.
[3] Judith Perera, "Nuclear Industry of Egypt," March 2003, p. 20, www.opensource.gov.
[4] Yana Feldman, Mary Beth Nikitin, and Jack Boureston, "Egyptian nuclear non-disclosures cause concern," Jane's Intelligence Review, 1 April 2005, www.janes.com.
[5] Judith Perera, "Nuclear Industry of Egypt," March 2003, p. 21, www.opensource.gov.
[6] Judith Perera, "Nuclear Industry of Egypt," March 2003, p. 21, www.opensource.gov.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents.

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