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Arab-British Dynamics Company (ABD)

Other Name: N/A
Location: Heliopolis
Subordinate To: Arab Organization for Industrialization (AOI)[1]
Size: Multiple Factories
Facility Status: Operational, involved in missile production

The Arab-British Dynamics Company (ABD) was founded as a joint-venture company in 1978 by the AOI and British-owned BAE Systems. The AOI originally owned 70% of the company, while BAE owned 30%.[2] The company currently tests Swingfire rockets, mounts them on jeeps, and produces tube-launched, optically tracked, wire-guided missile (TOW) launchers.[3]

Reports from 1991 implicated ABD in a joint project with North Korea to develop and manufacture an extended-range version of the Scud B ballistic missile. [4] Then in 1992, the British government discovered that ABD was helping Saddam Hussein with his Scud missile program.[5] Although ABD's planned activities did not violate U.K. export controls—because no equipment would have been exported from Egypt—the British Government was nevertheless concerned that ABD's Scud plans would undermine the credibility of the United Kingdom's commitment to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). Under pressure from the British Foreign Office, BAE subsequently withdrew from the joint venture. [6]

In March 1999, the U.S. State Department sanctioned ABD for transferring dual-use U.S. technology and missile components to North Korea. [7]

Sources:
[1] Hammam Nasr, "Egypt: Military Factories," International Market Insight, 1998, www.fas.org.
[2] Mark Thomas, "Who really supports 'our boys'," New Statesman 16, No. 749, 24 March 2003, p. 16; Alan Cowell, "Egypt's Arms Control Plan for Region," New York Times, 5 July 1991, p. A5.
[3] Hammam Nasr, "Egypt: Military Factories," International Market Insight, 1998, www.fas.org.
[4] Alan Cowell, "Egypt's Arms Control Plan for Region," New York Times, 5 July 1991, p. A5.
[5] Mark Thomas, "Who really supports "our boys"," New Statesman 16, No. 749, 24 March 2003, p. 16.
[6] "BAe withdraws from Arab-British Dynamics," Flight International, 1 April 1992. www.lexisnexis.com.
[7] "Israel, USA claim Egyptian missile links with N Korea" Jane's Defense Weekly 33, No. 8, 23 February 2000; "Egypt: Production Capability," Jane's CBRN Assessments, 5 December 2008, www.janes.com.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents.

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