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Preventive Military Medical Unit

Other Name: 예방군사의료부대; Military Preventive Medical Unit (군사예방의료부대)
Location: Unknown
Subordinate To: 5th Machine Industry Bureau (제5기계총국), Second Economic Committee (제2경제위원회), National Defense Commission (국방위원회)
Size: Unknown
Facility Status: Unknown

Following Kim Il Sung's November 1980 order to develop biological and chemical weapons, North Korea accelerated its biological weapons development at the Preventive Military Medical Unit, the Party Central Biological Research Institute (당중앙생물연구소), and the No. 25 Factory. According to a 1992 report by South Korea's Agency for National Security Planning (국가안전기획부), North Korea produces 13 types of BW agents such as bacillus anthracis (anthrax), cholera, typhoid bacillus and plague bacteria at these three facilities. The report says that these BW agents are sent to the Muncheon Agar Factory (문천안천공장) for weaponization.

Sources:
[1] Kim In, "Segyeŭi hwahangmugi/Pukhanjung'il In Tŭng 25 Kuk Kukpiboyu," Chosun Ilbo, 22 March 1995, p. 2, in KINDS www.kinds.or.kr.
[2] Kim Wŏn Pong and Osamu Mitsuhuji, Saishin Chosenhanto Gunjijohono Zenbo (Tokyo: Kodansya, 2000) p. 52.
[3] "Ch'ejewigishi 'Taenam Chŏllyakkadŭ' Ro Hwalyong/Pukhan saenghwahangmugi Shiljŏnbaech'I Sanghwang," Segye Ilbo, 24 October 1992, p. 5, in KINDS www.kinds.or.kr.
[4] Ha T'ae Wŏn, "Pukhan Kunsugiŏp 130 Yŏgae…Hwahangmugi 9 Kosesŏ Saengsan," Donga Ilbo, 5 February 2001, p. 1, in KINDS www.kinds.or.kr.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents.

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