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China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC)

Last Modified: Aug. 3, 2012
Other Name: 中国航天科工集团公司; formerly part of China Aerospace Corporation
Location: Haidian District, Beijing, China
Subordinate To: General Armaments Department, People’s Liberation Army[1]
Size: Five research institutes, two research and production bases, six public companies, and more than 580 enterprises and institutions employing 127,000 people[2]
Facility Status: Active

In July 1999, the China Aerospace Corporation was divided into two organizations: the China Aerospace Machinery and Electronics Corporation (CAMEC) and the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC). In 2002, CAMEC was renamed China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC).[3] CASIC was broken off from CASC as part of the government's effort to reform China's defense industry by loosening the state's control over enterprise operation and by trying to inject some degree of competition into the defense industries.[4]

According to its own official information, CASIC is a state-owned and state-funded operation with registered capital of over 100 billion yuan.[5] It is composed of five research institutes, two research and production bases, six public companies, and more than 580 enterprises and institutions, which employ 127,000 people, 40% of whom are specialists and technicians.[6]

The majority of the work done by CASIC is in the areas of missile development, aerospace electronics and other aerospace equipment.[7] According to company statements, CASIC is "mainly engaged in different missile systems and other aerospace products" and is primarily engaged in defense work.[8] It is one of China's leading missile developers, focusing on short- and medium-range ballistic missiles, as well as cruise missiles, while its counterpart CASC focuses on space launch vehicles and intercontinental ballistic missiles.[9] CASIC scientists also design and build satellites as well as guidance systems, among a variety of aerospace electronics products.

In addition to conducting military-related work, CASIC also produces civilian products and provides civilian services including machinery, electronics, chemicals, communications, computers and their applications, satellite applications, transportation facilities, medical equipment and construction materials.[10]

CASIC’s published organizational chart lists the following major departments, subsidiaries, and public holdings:[11]

Departments:

  • Department of Development and Planning
  • Department of Research and Production
  • Department of Technology and Quality
  • Department of Space Engineering
  • Department of Finance
  • Department of Asset Management
  • Department of Trade and Economic Cooperation
  • Department of International Business
  • Department of Human Resources
  • Department of Security
  • Department of Audit & Risk Management
  • Department of Disciplinary Inspection and Supervision
  • Department of Part Work (Department of Corporate Culture)

Academies:

Subsidiaries:

  • CASIC Academy of Aerospace Information Technology
  • CASIC Defense Technology Institute
  • CASIC Research Institute of Aviation Technology
  • CASIC Research Institute of Vehicle Technology
  • CASIC Research Institute of Power Technology
  • China Aerospace Construction Group
  • China Aerospace Industry Ltd.
  • Guizhou Aerospace Industry Ltd.
  • Hunan Aerospace Industry Corporation
  • China Volant Industry Corporation
  • Aerospace Science & Industry Shenzhen (Group) Co., Ltd.
  • China Aerospace Automobile Co., Ltd.
  • Henan Aerospace Industry Corporation
  • Aerospace Precision Ltd.
  • CASIC Finance Co., Ltd.
  • CASIC Asset Management Ltd.
  • Aerospace Securities Co., Ltd.
  • CASIC Training Center
  • Aerospace Authorities Service Center

Public Holdings:

  • Aerospace Information Corporation
  • Aerospace Communications Holdings Co., Ltd.
  • Aerospace Hi-Tech Holding Group Co., Ltd.
  • Beijing Aerospace ChangFeng Co., Ltd.
  • Beijing Chenguang Group Co., Ltd.
  • Guizhou Space Application Co., Ltd.

Sources:
[1] Mark Stokes with Dean Cheng, “China’s Evolving Space Capabilities: Implications for U.S. Interests,” Project 2046, 26 April 2012, p. 5.
[2] “集团简介 [Group Profile],” China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation, www.casic.cn; “组织机构 [Organization],” China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC), www.casic.cn.
[3] “China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC),” Jane’s Information Group, 6 May 2011.
[4] Eugene Kogan, “A Profile of China’s Public Gem: China’s Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation,” China Brief, Jamestown Foundation, 24 Sept 2009, pp. 11.
[5] “集团简介 [Group Profile],” China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC), www.casic.cn.
[6] “集团简介 [Group Profile],” China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC), www.casic.cn.
[7] “China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC),” Jane’s Information Group, 6 May 2011.
[8] “About Us,” China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC), http://english.casic.cn.
[9] Sean O'Connor, "The PLA's Second Artillery Corps," I&A, Vol. 1, No. 11, December 2011.
[10] Alanna Krolikowski, “China’s Civil and Commercial Space Activities and their Implications,” Testimony before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, 11 May 2011; “Company Overview of China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation,” Bloomberg Businessweek, http://investing.businessweek.com.
[11] “组织机构 [Organization],” China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC), www.casic.cn; Mark Stokes with Dean Cheng, “China’s Evolving Space Capabilities: Implications for U.S. Interests,” Project 2046, 26 April 2012, pp. 20-23.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents.

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