Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH)
|Location:||Approximately 15km east of Rawalpindi|
|Subordinate To:||Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC)|
The Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH) is Pakistan's major nuclear research and development institute.
The Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission established PINSTECH to address Pakistan's lack of trained manpower and scientific infrastructure.  In 1965, the facility's reactor building and secondary buildings were completed, and various laboratories, workshops, and a library became operational in 1974. 
 Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, "Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Sciences and Technology," www.paec.gov.pk/pinstech.
 Jack Boureston, "Understanding Pakistan's Energy Security Needs and the Role of Nuclear Energy," South Asian Strategic Stability Institute, June 2008, www.sassu.org.uk.
 David Albright and Paul Brannan, "Pakistan Expanding Plutonium Separation Facility Near Rawalpindi," Institute for Science and International Security, 19 May 2009, www.isis-online.org; Nuclear Black Markets: Pakistan, A.Q. Khan and the Rise of Proliferation Networks (International Institute for Strategic Studies: London, 2007).
This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents.