Civilian HEU Dynamic Map

 

Updated: November 2014

 

Sources:
[1] Pablo Adelfang, Ira Goldman, Adalberto Soares and E. Bradley, "Status and Progress of IAEA Activities on Research Reactor Conversion and Spent Fuel Return Programmes in the Years 2005-2006," paper presented at RERTR-2006, October 29 - November 2, 2006.
[2] David Albright and Kimberly Kramer, "ISIS Civil HEU Watch: Tracking Inventories of Civil Highly Enriched Uranium," August 2005, isis-online.org.
[3] Charles Grant, "The Jamaican Slowpoke Utilization and Core Conversion Plans," paper presented at the 32nd RERTR International Meeting, 10-14 October 2010, Lisbon, Portugal.
[4] Alexander Glaser and Frank N. von Hippel, "Global Cleanout: Reducing the Threat of HEU-Fueled Nuclear Terrorism," Arms Control Today, January/February 2006, www.armscontrol.org.
[5] CNS (Cristina Hansell) communication with official from National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA), July 17, 2008.
[6] CNS (Cristina Hansell) e-mail communication with Ann MacLachlan, Platts Nuclear Publications, May 15, 2008.
[7] "Communication Received from France Concerning Its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium," INFCIRC/549/Add.5/14, 8 September 2010.
[8] "Communication Received from Germany Concerning Its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium," INFCIRC/549/Add.2/13, 5 November 2010.
[9] "Communication Received from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Concerning Its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium," INFCIRC/549/Add.8/13, 16 August 2010.
[10] Imperial College Reactor Decommissioning, www3.imperial.ac.uk.
[11] International Panel on Fissile Materials, Global Fissile Material Report 2010, December 2010, www.fissilematerials.org.
[12] International Panel on Fissile Materials, Global Fissile Material Report 2007, 2007, www.fissilematerials.org.
[13] NNSA, "Ahead of Nuclear Security Summit, NNSA Announces Removal of All Highly Enriched Uranium from Chile," 8 April 2010, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[14] NNSA, "All Highly Enriched Uranium Removed from Latvia," 16 May 2008, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[15] NNSA, "GTRI: More Than Three Years of Reducing Nuclear Threats," September 2007, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[16] NNSA, "GTRI: Reducing Nuclear Threats," NNSA press release, 11 February 2011, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[17] NNSA, "Final U.S.-Origin HEU Shipment from Australia Completed," NNSA Press Release, 21 May 2009, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[18] NNSA, "Highly Enriched Uranium. Removed from Hungary," NNSA Press Release, 23 October 2008, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[19] NNSA, "NNSA Achieves Milestone in Removal of HEU from Ukraine," NNSA Press Release, 31 December 2010, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[20] NNSA, "NNSA announces removal of more than 73 kilograms of Highly Enriched Uranium from Kazakhstan," NNSA press release, 19 May 2009, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[21] NNSA, "NNSA Cooperates with Argentina, South Africa and Ukraine to Convert Research Reactors," 13 October 2008, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[22] NNSA, "NNSA Completes Conversion of the Budapest Research Reactor and Removal of All Fresh HEU from Hungary," NNSA Press Release, 15 September 2009, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[23] NNSA, "NNSA Completes Largest Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Fuel Return Campaign in Program's History," NNSA Press Release, 12 October 2010, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[24] NNSA, "NNSA Completes Successful Year of U.S.-origin Nuclear Fuel Returns," NNSA Press Release, 7 October 2008, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[25] NNSA, "Nuclear and Radiological Material Removed from Japan, Germany, Sweden, and Denmark," 3 July 2008, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[26] NNSA, "Reactor Converted and Nuclear Material Removed in Vietnam," NNSA Press Release, 17 September 2007, http://nnsa.energy.gov.
[27] William Potter, "Belarus Agrees to Remove All HEU," CNS Feature Story, 1 December 2010, http://cns.miis.edu.
[28] Parrish Staples, "The NNSA Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Efforts to Minimize the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium for Medical Isotope Production," RRFM 2010 Conference, Marrakech, Morocco, 21-15 March 2010.
[29] White House, "Trilateral Announcement Between Mexico, the United States, and Canada on Nuclear Security," 13 April 2010.
[30] World Nuclear News, "Final HEU Return from Turkey," 14 January 2010, www.world-nuclear-news.org.