Global Security Newswire
Daily News on Nuclear, Biological & Chemical Weapons, Terrorism and Related Issues
Analysts: Obama’s U.N. Bid for Iran Nuclear Deal Is Calculated
WASHINGTON -- President Obama carefully calibrated his Tuesday remarks at the United Nations to leave room for a long-sought compromise with Iran on its disputed nuclear program, analysts told Global Security Newswire.
He delivered his speech to the U.N. General Assembly as previously skeptical Western observers were growing increasingly optimistic about improving ties with Iran. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani took office last month pledging to win his country relief from harsh sanctions imposed on it because of its atomic effort. Iran insists the program is peaceful, but Washington and its allies worry it could help Tehran obtain a nuclear-arms capacity.
Recent statements by Tehran and Washington "should offer the basis for a meaningful agreement," the president said during his address at the U.N. headquarters in New York. He noted that the top diplomats from Iran and the United States are expected to attend a Thursday meeting to address the nuclear issue.
Analysts said Obama's remarks hinted at a significant desire for a deal on the nuclear standoff.
John Tirman, head of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Center for International Studies, said it’s “to be expected" that Obama maximized his position by pressing Iran to abide by U.N. Security Council resolutions that call in part for Iran to fully suspend uranium enrichment, even though Tehran has consistently demanded acknowledgement of its legal right to refine the substance for peaceful use.
Any nuclear compromise, though, would ultimately permit "some enrichment,” he said.
Tirman said any agreement would most likely also call for "control or disposal" of Iran's most bomb-usable uranium, as well as would be "full-scope" international audits to ensure Tehran is not tapping its atomic assets for military ends.
None of the president's comments on Iran was "actually new," but their "context matters," Brookings Institution Iran expert Suzanne Maloney said in a Twitter post. She noted that Obama established a "positive linkage" between the nuclear dispute and the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.
Obama's address marked "the most serious public outreach to resolve disputes with Iran since the 1979 revolution" that overthrew the U.S.-backed government in Tehran, Robin Wright, a senior fellow with the U.S. Institute of Peace, told GSN in an e-mail.
"Obama clearly sought balance," she said. "His overture acknowledged past American attempts to manipulate Iranian politics, notably the CIA-orchestrated coup against a democratically elected government in 1953."
"Now, she said, Washington is not out to change the regime in Tehran. But Obama also pointed out the many transgressions by the revolutionary regime, including seizing the American embassy in 1979 and backing extremist movements that have targeted many Americans."
Israel has voiced open skepticism of Iran's gestures toward rapprochement. Last week, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu pressed for Tehran to relinquish all its enriched uranium and halt all production of the material.
Note to our Readers
GSN ceased publication on July 31, 2014. Its articles and daily issues will remain archived and available on NTI’s website.
Dec. 16, 2014
The Nuclear Disarmament Resource Collection contains information and analysis of nuclear weapons disarmament proposals and progress worldwide, including detailed coverage of disarmament progress in countries who either possess or host other countries' nuclear weapons on their territories.
Oct. 6, 2014
The UNSCR 1540 Resource Collection examines implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, which requires all states to implement measures aimed at preventing non-state actors from acquiring NBC weapons, related materials, and their means of delivery. It details implementation efforts in all of the regions and countries of the world to-date.
This article provides an overview of Iran's historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.