The U.S. Cooperative Threat Reduction program has constructed a new biological agent monitoring facility in Kazakhstan, Senator Richard Lugar (R-Ind.) announced Friday (see GSN, Oct. 23).
The Nunn-Lugar program also dismantled one ICBM and secured five nuclear-weapon transport trains in the months of October and November.
Since being established in 1991 to secure and eliminate weapons of mass destruction in one-time Soviet states, the Nunn-Lugar program has deactivated 7,514 strategic nuclear warheads and destroyed 768 ICBMs, 498 ICBM silos, 143 mobile ICBM launchers, 651 submarine-launched ballistic missiles, 476 SLBM launchers, 32 ballistic missile-capable submarines, 155 strategic bombers, 906 nuclear air-to-surface missiles and 194 nuclear test tunnels.
In addition, the program has safeguarded 468 nuclear-weapon train shipments, boosted security at 24 nuclear weapons storage facilities and constructed 19 biological agent monitoring stations. It helped to remove all nuclear weapons from Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus, nations that once respectively held the world's third-, fourth- and eighth-largest nuclear arsenals (U.S. Senator Richard Lugar release, Dec. 18).