Global Security Newswire
Daily News on Nuclear, Biological & Chemical Weapons, Terrorism and Related Issues
IAEA Additional Protocol Prompts Updates to U.S. Nuclear Transfer Rules
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission has moved to update its standards for the transnational shipment of atomic technology and substances to better meet the country's commitments under the Additional Protocol to its nuclear inspections agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency, according to a notice published on Wednesday in the Federal Register (see GSN, Jan. 5, 2009).
The revision, due to take effect on June 8, would exclude from U.S. licensing controls shipments of "source and byproduct" substances taken for IAEA analysis, the commission stated in the notice.
"The NRC staff has determined that these changes are consistent with current U.S. policy, and will pose no unreasonable risk to the public health and safety or to the common defense and security of the United States," the notice adds (Federal Register, May 9).
Nov. 27, 2012
Several U.S. bilateral nuclear cooperation agreements are set to expire in the next four years, and a long list of nuclear newcomers are interested in concluding new agreements with the United States. Jessica C. Varnum examines the debate over whether stricter nonproliferation preconditions for concluding these new and renewal "123" nuclear cooperation agreements with the United States would enhance or undermine their value as instruments of U.S. nonproliferation policy.
This article provides an overview of the United States’ historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.