Global Security Newswire
Daily News on Nuclear, Biological & Chemical Weapons, Terrorism and Related Issues
Israel, Arab Nations Differ on Mideast Nuclear-free Zone: U.N. Official
Efforts by the International Atomic Energy Agency to help persuade Israel and Arab nations to agree on a path toward a Middle East free of nuclear arms and other weapons of mass destruction have been unsuccessful thus far, according to a new report by agency head Yukiya Amano's office, Reuters reported on Tuesday.
Interchanges have revealed that there still is a "fundamental difference of views" between Arab nations and Israel, but Amano will continue trying to bridge the diverging perspectives, according to his team.
IAEA member nations last year tasked Amano with meeting with officials from the region to discuss bringing all atomic programs under agency safeguards. Israel is thought to be the area's sole nuclear-weapons nation, but it by policy does not confirm or deny its arsenal and is not a member of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
In a document issued last week, ahead of the agency's plenary meeting in mid-September, Amano said he backed exploration of "relevant new ideas and approaches." However, no headway was achieved on applying "comprehensive agency safeguards covering all nuclear activities in the region," the report said.
It remains unclear when, if ever, a regional conference will be held on negotiating a weapons-of-mass-destruction-free zone for the entire Middle East. Plans to hold the U.N.-backed forum in late 2012 ultimately were abandoned after Israel would not confirm whether it would participate.
Israel and the United States have supported the idea of attending such a conference under certain conditions. At the same time, they have maintained that a regional ban on nuclear weapons could not be achieved as long as Iran continues its controversial atomic development activities and there is no broader Arab-Israeli peace arrangement.
Note to our Readers
GSN ceased publication on July 31, 2014. Its articles and daily issues will remain archived and available on NTI’s website.
Oct. 6, 2014
The UNSCR 1540 Resource Collection examines implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, which requires all states to implement measures aimed at preventing non-state actors from acquiring NBC weapons, related materials, and their means of delivery. It details implementation efforts in all of the regions and countries of the world to-date.
July 11, 2014
NTI Co-Chairman and CEO Sam Nunn calls for swift action to resolve remaining issues and open an IAEA nuclear fuel bank.
This article provides an overview of Israel's historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.