Global Security Newswire
Daily News on Nuclear, Biological & Chemical Weapons, Terrorism and Related Issues
North Korea Airs Plan to Activate Light-Water Reactor
North Korea on Thursday announced it would activate in the near future an experimental light-water reactor constructed wholly from indigenous expertise and machinery, Agence France-Presse reported (see GSN, Nov. 10).
"The day is near at hand when a light-water reactor entirely based on domestic resources and technology will come into operation in the D.P.R.K.," the state-controlled Korean Central News Agency said.
One year ago, visiting U.S. nuclear-weapon experts received a tour of the unfinished facility and an operational uranium enrichment plant at the Yongbyon nuclear complex (see GSN, Nov. 22, 2010). U.S. expert Siegfried Hecker, who took part in the tour, estimated the reactor would be capable of producing 25 to 30 megawatts of electricity when finished.
Hecker said North Korean officials were aiming to have the nuclear reactor completed in 2012, a date he said "appears much too optimistic."
The expert said the uranium plant and the light-water reactor were apparently intended to produce atomic energy.
Pyongyang insists its uranium enrichment program is nonmilitary in nature, but the United States and other governments are highly skeptical of the assertion. The uranium enrichment process can produce civilian fuel as well as weapons-grade material (Agence France-Presse/Google News, Nov. 10).
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March 13, 2014
On Friday, March 14, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov meet to discuss the crisis in Ukraine. Five statesmen from Germany, Poland, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States call for the urgent formation of a Contact Group of Foreign Ministers to address the crisis and more broadly, create a new approach to building mutual security in the Euro-Atlantic region.
This article provides an overview of North Korea's historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.