Global Security Newswire
Daily News on Nuclear, Biological & Chemical Weapons, Terrorism and Related Issues
Syria’s Chemical-Arms Disclosure Timing in Question
The United States on Wednesday indicated it no longer expects Syrian President Bashar Assad's regime to fully disclose its chemical-warfare assets this week, an expectation established several days ago under a U.S.-Russian plan for Damascus to eventually relinquish the stocks, the Los Angeles Times reported.
"Our goal is to see forward momentum," but not necessarily a full declaration, before Sunday, U.S. State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf said. "We've never said it was a hard and fast deadline," the spokeswoman added.
Several days ago, Secretary of State John Kerry said he and Russia's top diplomat had decided Damascus would have one week to provide "a comprehensive listing" of its chemical-weapon assets. Washington would permit "no games, no room for avoidance, or anything less than full compliance," he said then.
A senior Russian diplomat on Wednesday said Damascus "within a week" would send a chemical-arms declaration to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, ITAR-Tass reported. The Russian state-owned news agency did not specify whether the information would amount to a complete disclosure.
The 41-nation OPCW Executive Council is set on Friday to begin discussing formal procedures for eliminating the Assad government's chemical arsenal, the Wall Street Journal reported. One expert said the council is likely to adopt a U.S.-Russian timeline calling for full destruction of the stockpile by the middle of next year, though the multilateral body is not obligated to do so.
Separately, Moscow intends by Friday to circulate Syrian-government indications that Assad's opponents have carried out chemical strikes, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov said in Thursday remarks quoted by ITAR-Tass.
In a Wednesday interview with Fox News, Assad challenged Washington to foot the bill for destroying the arms and "take the responsibility of bringing toxic materials to the United States," Reuters reported. He also reaffirmed denials that his government had used its chemical arms in the Syrian civil war, now in its third year.
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The UNSCR 1540 Resource Collection examines implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, which requires all states to implement measures aimed at preventing non-state actors from acquiring NBC weapons, related materials, and their means of delivery. It details implementation efforts in all of the regions and countries of the world to-date.
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This CNS issue brief examines the lessons learned from dismantling Libya and Iraq's chemical weapons programs and what these two cases presage for disarmament in Syria. In particular, this article explores the challenges relating to ensuring material and physical security for both inspectors and the chemical weapons stockpile itself; verifying the accuracy and completeness of disclosed inventories; and developing effective monitoring and verification regimes for the long-term. The conclusion examines recommendations stemming from this analysis.
This article provides an overview of Syria's historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.