Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group

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Last Updated: December 1, 2010
Other Name: Hemmat Missile Industries Complex; Shahid Baqeri Industrial Group; Shahid Bagheri Industrial Group; Tiz Pars; Sahand Aluminum Parts Industrial Company (SAPICO); Sabalan Company
Location: Tehran
Subordinate To: Aerospace Industries Organization (AIO)
Size: Several large facilities
Facility Status: Operational

The Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group (SHIG) is responsible for Iran's ballistic missile programs, including the Shahab-3 and Ghadr missiles. [1] In 1997, U.S. satellites picked up a heat signature of a Shahab-3 missile engine close to SHIG's research facility. [2]

SHIG has been cooperating with entities in Russia, China, North Korea and potentially Ukraine.[3] SHIG is a target of UN and U.S. sanctions, and the United States has also sanctioned several Chinese and North Korean entities for their involvement with SHIG. [4] Additionally, the U.S. Department of the Treasury froze the assets of Naser Maleki, the head of SHIG, pursuant to Executive Order 13382. [5]

[1] "Testimony of Pat O'Brien, Assistant Secretary, Office of Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes, U.S. Department of the Treasury, before the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs," Washington, DC, 22 June 2006,; "Iran said to sharpen nuclear program - exile group contends better missile with longer range in works," The Boston Globe, 3 December 2004,; "Hemmet Industrial Complex," Global Security,
[2] Dinshaw Mistry, Containing Missile Proliferation: Strategic Technology, Security Regimes, and International Cooperation in Arms Control (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2005), p. 143.
[3] Bill Gertz, "Russia Disregards Pledge to Curb Iran Missile Output; Tehran, Moscow Sign Pacts for Additional Support," The Washington Times, 22 May 1997,
[4] In 2003, the United States sanctioned the Chinese conglomerate Norinco for supplying missile technology to SHIG. In February 2009, the U.S. Treasury Department sanctioned a North Korean company for its involvement with SHIG. In March 2009, missile experts from SHIG reportedly visited North Korea to help Pyongyang prepare for a rocket test launch. "Chinese Proliferation will Continue for a Strategic Few," Stratfor, 18 February 2004,; Jung Sung-ki and Michael Ha, "Obama Imposes Sanctions on NK Firms," Korea Times, 4 February 2009,
[5] "Treasury Designates Iranian Proliferation Individuals, Entities," U.S. Department of the Treasury, 8 July 2008,

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2016.