|Last Updated:||February 1, 2011|
|Other Name:||Factory 36|
|Subordinate To:||Arab Organization for Industrialization (AOI) |
|Facility Status:||Operational, no longer involved in missile production|
Opened sometime between 1950 and 1951 to manufacture airplanes, the Helwan Aircraft Factory continues to specialize in the design, development and production of aircraft. 
As a component of the Egyptian General Aero Organization, it may have contributed to the development of the al-Kahir, al-Zafir and Al-Ra'id ballistic missiles during the 1960s. 
 Hammam Nasr, "Egypt: Military Factories," International Market Insight, 1998, www.fas.org.
 Andrew Rathmell, "Egypt's Military-Industrial Complex," Jane's Intelligence Review 6, No. 10, 1 October 1994, www.janes.com; "The Story Behind the Stamp: Balian 1800/1801," The Egypt Study Circle, 26 December 2005, www.egyptstudycircle.org.uk; Hammam Nasr, "Egypt: Military Factories," International Market Insight, 1998, www.fas.org.
 Jane's Information Group, "Egypt: Production Capability," Jane's CBRN Assessments, 5 December 2008, www.janes.com.