Party Central Biological Research Institute

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Last Updated: October 24, 1992
Other Name: 당중앙생물연구소; Central Biological Research Institute
Subordinate To: Korea Workers Party (조선노동당) and/or 5th Machine Industry Bureau (제5기계총국), Second Economic Committee (제2경제위원회), National Defense Commission (국방위원회)
Size: Unknown
Facility Status: Unknown

Following Kim Il Sung's November 1980 order to develop biological and chemical weapons, North Korea accelerated its biological weapons development at the Party Central Biological Research Institute, the Preventive Military Medical Unit (예방군자의료부대) and the No. 25 Factory (25호공장). According to a 1992 report by South Korea's Agency for National Security Planning (국가안전기획부), North Korea produces 13 types of BW agents such as bacillus anthracis (anthrax), cholera, typhoid bacillus and plague bacteria at these three facilities. The report says that these BW agents are sent to the Muncheon Agar Factory (문천안천공장) for weaponization.

[Note: Between 1975 and 1980, North Koreans and the North Korean media referred to an entity known as the "party center (당중앙)," which was later revealed to be Kim Jong Il. Kim's name may not have been used initially to avoid the possible charges of nepotism while he was being groomed to succeed his father. Therefore, the Party Central Biological Research Institute could have been after Kim Jong Il.]

Sources:
[1] Chang Chun Ik, Pukhan Haek-Missile Chŏnjaeng (Seoul: Sŏmundang, 1999), pp. 367-368.
[2] Kim In, "Segyeŭi hwahangmugi/Pukhanjungil In Tŭng 25 Kuk Kukpiboyu," Chosun Ilbo, 22 March 1995, p. 2, in KINDS www.kinds.or.kr.
[3] Kim Wŏn Pong and Osamu Mitsuhuji, Saishin Chosenhanto Gunjijohono Zenbo (Tokyo: Kodansya, 2000) p. 52.
[4] "Ch'ejewigishi 'Taenam Chŏllyakkadŭ' Ro Hwalyong/Pukhan saenghwahangmugi Shiljŏnbaech'i Sanghwang," Segye Ilbo, 24 October 1992, p. 5, in KINDS www.kinds.or.kr.
[5] Ha T'ae Wŏn, "Pukhan Kunsugiŏp 130 Yŏgae…Hwahangmugi 9 Kosesŏ Saengsan," Donga Ilbo, 5 February 2001, p. 1, in KINDS www.kinds.or.kr.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2017.