Hwasŏng Chemical Factory

View All North Korea Facilities

Last Updated: March 1, 2003
Other Name: 화성화학공장
Location: Hwasŏng-kun (화성군), North Hamgyŏng Province (함경북도), North Korea
Subordinate To: 5th Machine Industry Bureau (제5기계산업총국), Second Economic Committee (제2경제위원회) for chemical weapons production; and the Ministry of Chemical Industry (화학공업성) for civilian production
Size: Relatively small production capacity; about 2,500 tons annually for phenol production and an unknown capacity for iodine
Facility Status: Unknown

Eya Osamu, a Japanese journalist, and Kim Wŏn Pong, director of the Northeast Asia Research Institute (北東亞問題硏究所) in Japan, both report ongoing production of CW agents at the Hwasŏng Chemical Factory, including choking and nerve agents. Data are lacking, however, to substantiate this claim. The production of agricultural chemicals at this facility—while somewhat tantalizing as a possible clue—is not sufficient evidence of chemical weapons-related activities.

Sources:
[1] Kim Wŏn Pong, Kitachosenjimingun no zenbo (Tokyo: Ariadone Kikaku, 1996), p. 127.
[2] Kim Won-pong, Kitachosen jinmingun no zensho [sic] (Tokyo: Ariadone Kikaku, 1996), p. 127, in "DPRK Factories Suspected of Producing Chemical Agents," FBIS Document ID: KPP20010216000106.
[3] Osamu Eya, Kimu Jon Iru Daizukan (Tokyo: Shogakkan, 2000), pp. 64-65.
[4] Osamu Eya, Kimu Jon Iru Daizukan (Tokyo: Shogakkan, 2000), pp. 64-65, in "Alleged Locations of DPRK Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Warfare Facilities Mapped," 6 June 2001, FBIS Document ID: KPP20010606000075.

Country Profile
Flag of North Korea
North Korea

This article provides an overview of North Korea's historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.

Learn More →

This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2017.