Last Updated: October 25, 1996
Other Name: CASIC 061 Base; 061基地; formerly the Jiangnan Space Industry Corporation; Jiangnan Aerospace Group; 中国江南航天工业集团公司
Location: Zunyi, Guizhou Province
Subordinate To: China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC)
Size: As of 2010, the facility had 20 industrial corporations (one of which is publicly listed), 2 trade companies, 9 work units, assets totaling 7.7 billion RMB, and a workforce of 160,000 employees. [1]
Facility Status: Active

China’s Central Special Committee approved the establishment of the 061 Base in 1964 for aerospace products research and development. [2] The 061 Base was known as the Jiangnan Space Industry Corporation (中国江南航天工业集团公司), but that corporation’s website became defunct in 2010, with no known replacement since. [3] The base produces missile-related guidance, navigation, and control software, composite materials, and a range of components. [4] Representatives from the base participated in a 2011 conference on improving the safety of solid rocket fuels. [5]

The 061 Base produces the KS-1 (or HongQi-12) mobile surface-to-air missile (SAM) system. The system is designed to engage aircraft and helicopters, but reportedly also has limited engagement capability against air-launched tactical missiles. [6] In 1990s the 061 Base participated in studies on jamming the U.S. NAVSTAR Global Positioning System. [7]

The 061 Base researches and develops numerous components for China’s space programs. Most recently it made electric power sources, mechanical parts, and electric equipment for the Shenzhou-9 spacecraft, as well as various parts for the Tiangong-1 space station. [8] In May 2011, then Vice-Chairman Xi Jinping visited base, and after viewing the base’s aerospace products praised the personnel for the contributions to national defense and societal development. [9] Base 061 is also involved in civilian industries, including production of components for nuclear reactors, equipment for oil drilling, and automobile parts. [10]

Sources:
[1] “公司简介 [Company Overview],” China Jiangnan Space Industry Corporation, 9 November 2010, www.cjspace.com.cn (Website now defunct. Last known access was on 9 November 2010).
[2] “公司简介 [Company Overview],” China Jiangnan Space Industry Corporation, 9 November 2010, www.cjspace.com.cn (Website now defunct. Last known access was on 9 November 2010).
[3] “公司简介 [Company Overview],” China Jiangnan Space Industry Corporation, 9 November 2010, www.cjspace.com.cn (Website now defunct. Last known access was on 9 November 2010).
[4] Mark Stokes and Dean Cheng, “China’s Evolving Space Capabilities: Implications for U.S. Interests,” Project 2049 Institute, prepared for the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, 26 April 2012, p. 22.
[5] “沈维伟出席集团固体推进剂安全技术研究中心首届学术会 [Shen Weiwei Participates in First Session of Group Academic Conference on Solid Propellant Safety],” China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation, 14 October 2011, www.casic.cn.
[6] “KS-1/KS-1A (HQ-12),” Jane’s Land Warfare Platforms: Artillery and Air Defence, 16 November 2011, www.janes.com.
[7] Mark Stokes, “China’s Strategic Modernization: Implications for the United States,” Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College, September 1999, p. 53.
[8] Yuan Yufei and Fan Ling, “记中国航天科工集团061基地 [Remembering CASIC 061 Base],” State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, 13 August 2012, www.sasac.gov.cn.
[9] “习近平视察中国航天科工○六一基地 [Xi Jinping Inspects CASIC 061 Base],” China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation, 11 May 2011, www.casic.cn.
[10] “习近平视察中国航天科工○六一基地 [Xi Jinping Inspects CASIC 061 Base],” China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation, 11 May 2011, www.casic.cn.

Country Profile
Flag of China
China

This article provides an overview of China’s historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.

Learn More →

This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2017.