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    Spent Fuel Storage Sites

    Built for high-activity waste and reportedly meets international standards, the Spent Fuel Storage Sites have been reconstructed for the accommodation of sealed radioactive sources.

    Spent, sealed radioactive sources from Kazakhstan were sent to Russia for storage until the Russian Constitution forbade the import of foreign radioactive waste. According to Director General of the Kazakhstan Atomic Energy Agency Timur Zhantikin, another ...

  • Facility

    Shin'gye-kun Scud Missile Base

    Construction of the missile base began in 1985, but was suspended late in the year. In 1985, the road to the missile base was unpaved. According to defector Im Yŏng Sŏn, a delay in missile development might have resulted in the halt of construction. Im says officers at the construction site said the missiles to be deployed at ...

  • Facility

    Shin'ŭiju Chemical Fiber Complex

    There are several references in the open source literature to CW agent production at a "Shin'ŭiju Chemical Factory (新義州化學工場)" or a "Shin'ŭiju Chemical Complex (新義州化學聯合企業所)." However, the existence of a "Shin'ŭiju Chemical Factory" has not been confirmed, and the "Shin'ŭiju Chemical Complex" is an incorrect name for the "Shin'ŭiju Chemical Fiber Complex." Shin'ŭiju is an ...

  • Facility

    Shahroud Missile Test Site

    Iran constructed the Shahroud missile test facility in the late 1980s with Chinese and North Korean assistance, and it has remained the main test facility for the Shahab missile series. [1] In July 1998, Iran launched the first, apparently unsuccessful, test flight of a Shahab-3 missile from the site. [2] In August 2013, Jane's Intelligence Review reported that over the ...

  • Facility

    Shahid Bakeri Industrial Group

    The Shahid Bakeri Industrial Group (SBIG) produces a variety of solid-fueled artillery rockets, including the North Korean-designed Fajr rocket series and the Fateh-110 missile. [1] According to IISS, SBIG "is believed to have assumed responsibility for solid propellant production in Iran in the mid-1990s." [2] Christoph Bluth asserts that Russian engineers assisted SBIG in the production of long-range ...

  • Facility


    From 1949-1989, the Soviet Union conducted more than 400 nuclear test explosions in Kazakhstan, for both military and peaceful purposes. [2] The majority of these tests occurred, including the first successful Soviet test in 1949, occurred at the Semipalatinsk Test Site in Kazakhstan. [3] These tests imparted a legacy of radiation exposure to the local population, harmful environmental effects, and ...

  • Facility

    San'ŭm-ri Chemical Weapons Storage Site

    This facility reportedly has "northern" and "southern" sites, but it is unclear whether they are collocated or separate facilities. The northern site includes storage facilities both underground and above ground, storage tanks, and a plant for processing chemicals. The southern site has delivery vehicles for chemical agents, storage facilities both underground and above ground, storage tanks, and a vehicle maintenance ...

  • Facility

    Shinp'o Uranium Mine

    There are reports that this mine was under development in 1994, but there is no conclusive evidence that the mine was ever completed.

    [1] Chang Chun Ik, Pukhan Haek-Missile Chŏnjaeng (Seoul: Sŏmundang, 1999), p. 133.
    [2] Joseph S. Bermudez, Jr., "North Korea's Nuclear Infrastructure," Jane's Intelligence Review, 1 February 1994, pp. 74-79.

  • Facility


    The SRR-1 is a 30KW miniature neutron source reactor (MNSR), supplied by China and modeled after the Canadian Slowpoke reactor. [3] The MNSR is a pool-type reactor that uses highly enriched uranium (HEU) as fuel (90 percent U-235), light water as a coolant and moderator, and a beryllium reflector. [4] China provided Syria with an initial fuel ...

  • Facility

    Sŭngni Automobile Factory

    The Sŭngni Automobile Factory has produced the majority of North Korea's vehicles since the plant was opened in 1958 with Soviet and Czech assistance. The factory was called the "Tŏkch'ŏn Automobile Factory (德川自動車工場)" until 1975, when it was renamed the "Sŭngni Automobile Factory." At the end of 1999, when a structural reform of factories and enterprises was implemented ...

  • Facility

    State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (SASTIND)

    SASTIND is the premier civilian regulatory authority in China and reports directly to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT). [1] Their primary responsibilities include drafting guidelines, policies, laws and regulations related to science, technology and industry for national defense. [2] This includes researching future weapon systems, scientific development of dual-use systems, and managing the exports of ...

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