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Treaties & Regimes

Below you will find information on treaties, organizations, and regimes relating to disarmament, arms control, and nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Information on each treaty or organization includes relevant full text documents, country memberships, an analytical overview, and a chronology tracking ongoing work and related developments. All entries are updated regularly, as events warrant. This material was prepared for the NTI site by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies.











    • New Agenda Coalition
      In June 1998, the foreign ministers of Brazil, Egypt, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, Slovenia, South Africa, and Sweden issued a statement calling for a new nuclear disarmament agenda. (Slovenia and Sweden later withdrew from the NAC.) The NAC called for the five nuclear-weapon states and the three nuclear-capable states to make an unequivocal commitment to nuclear disarmament and to begin multilateral negotiations that would lead to the elimination of nuclear weapons through a Nuclear Weapons Convention.

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    • Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
      Created in 1961, NAM has sought to “create an independent path in world politics that would not result in member States becoming pawns in the struggles between the major powers.”

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    • Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative (NPDI)
      Founded in September 2010, the Nonproliferation and Disarmament Initiative (NPDI) is a ministerial-level group of states within the framework of the Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) focused on practical steps that will promote the consensus outcomes of the 2010 NPT Review Conference. It aims to achieve a number of goals, first among them advancement of the nuclear disarmament agenda and greater transparency in the way nuclear weapons states fulfill their disarmament commitments.

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    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
      NATO was founded in 1949 and has 28 Alliance Members. Its member countries are committed to sharing the risks and responsibilities as well as the benefits of collective security.

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    • Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA)
      The NEA is a specialized agency within OECD whose objective is to assist Member countries in maintaining and developing nuclear energy as a safe, environmentally acceptable, and economical energy source.

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    • Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)
      The NSG is a group of 46 supplier countries that works for nuclear nonproliferation by implementing two sets of Guidelines for nuclear and nuclear-related exports. It first met in 1975.

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    • Rio Group
      The Rio Group is an association of 23 Latin American countries that seek, among other foreign policy issues, prevention of the introduction of WMD in Latin America and the Caribbean.

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    • United Nations
      The central mission of the UN is to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations and promote social progress, better living standards and human rights.

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    • United Nations First Committee
      The First Committee of the UNGA debates disarmament, nonproliferation, arms control, and international security issues, recommending resolutions and decisions for adoption by the plenary session of the UNGA.

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    • United Nations General Assembly
      The UNGA considers general principles of cooperation in international peace and security, including the principles governing disarmament and arms regulation, and makes recommendations to Member States or the Security Council.

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    • United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs
      UNODA provides support to Member States on disarmament issues. It fosters preventive measures, such as dialogue, transparency, and confidence-building; encourages regional disarmament efforts; and provides information on UN disarmament efforts.

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    • United Nations Security Council
      The UNSC is one of the main deliberative UN organs for security issues. It is the only UN organ that can pass legally binding resolutions.

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    • Wassenaar Arrangement
      The Wassenaar Arrangement is an export control regime with 41 participating states that promotes transparency of national export control regimes on conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies.

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    • Zangger Committee (ZAC)
      The Committee consists of 38 states and establishes guidelines for implementing export control provisions. The Committee established a Trigger List of items that are subject to IAEA safeguard inspections.

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