Australia 1540 Reporting

Australia 1540 Reporting
A mobile X-ray unit being deployed, Source: Australian Customs and Border Protection Service

1540 Matrix

Offers/Requests of Assistance

Australia has officially offered assistance through the 1540 Committee, noting that "Australia is willing to provide assistance as appropriate to the states in our immediate region which lack the legal and regulatory infrastructure, implementation experience and/or resources needed to fulfill the provisions of UNSCR 1540." Australia has been active in providing 1540-related assistance to states in the Asia-Pacific, including the provision of model legislation for implementation of nonproliferation-related treaties, safeguards training and implementation of the IAEA additional protocol. Australia has also shared best practices with other countries in the Asia-Pacific and offered "assistance and training to help countries improve their implementation and enforcement of export controls on WMD-related materials." Australia has also sponsored international meetings associated with exchanging views and cooperating on the implementation of the NPT (safeguards), CWC and BWC such as the CWC National Authorities meetings, the BWC Experts meetings, ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) Inter-Sessional meetings on Nonproliferation and Disarmament, annual ARF workshops raising awareness of biosecurity issues, Nonproliferation and Disarmament Initiative Ministerial meetings, and activities of the International Commission for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Disarmament.

Australia has provided direct assistance to regional states in promoting the adoption of the Additional Protocol and related obligations (like export controls.)

As noted in its 2004 1540 report "Australia together with New Zealand is keen to assist Pacific Island states with the preparation of their reports under UNSCR 1540. We have already circulated a short guide to Pacific Island states, and offered assistance in the preparation of reports."

Australia also made financial contributions to international counter-proliferation initiatives, including, G8 Global Partnership and the dismantlement and destruction of nuclear submarines decommissioned from the Russian Federation's Pacific Fleet. Australia has contributed to the Nuclear Security Fund (NSF) and the IAEA's Technical Cooperation Fund.

Australia has also contributed significant funding to the IAEA's Regional Cooperative Agreement for the Asia-Pacific (RCA); in particular, Canberra contributed $1.47 million over four years to improve regional radiological safety including the capacity to respond to radiological emergencies. In 2010 Australia and Japan established the Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative (NPDI) to focus on nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation issues. In 2012, Australia cooperates with the IAEA to develop technologies to improve the country’s nuclear detection and forensic capabilities.

See the United Nations 1540 Committee Website for more information on Assistance from Member States.


Corruption Perceptions Index

  • 2014
  • 80/100 (Rank 11/175)
October 26, 2015
Table of Contents:

This article is part of a collection examining implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, which requires all states to implement measures aimed at preventing non-state actors from acquiring NBC weapons, related materials, and their means of delivery. It details Australia’s implementation efforts to-date.


This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2019.