Two weeks ago, Russia released the first declassified photos of its new RS-28 Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile or Satan 2 (a missile reportedly capable of destroying Texas). Likewise, earlier this year, the U.S. Air Force released the first details about its in-development B-21 Raider (a bomber that aspires to be undetectable to radar and taxpayers).
Both the United States and Russia are in the early stages of robust nuclear modernization programs to update each leg of their respective nuclear triads—planes, intercontinental ballistic missiles, and submarines—over the next 30 years. These new weapons would add to what already are the two largest nuclear forces in the world.
So how much does it all cost and where does the money go?