Russian Heavy Bomber-Delivered Missiles

Soviet/Russian designation Kh-20, Kh-20M Kh-22NA Kh-15 Kh-55 Kh-101/102
NATO designation AS-3 'Kangaroo' AS-4B 'Kitchen' AS-16 'Kickback' AS-15 'Kent'  
Design bureau OKB-155 MKB Raduga MKB Raduga MKB Raduga MKB Raduga
In service 1963 1976 1980 1983 See notes
Launch weight (kg) 12,000 6,000 1,200 1,200  
Range (km) 300-600 500 150 (high altitude launch); 60 (low altitude launch) 2,500 5,000
Max speed (Mach) 2 4 5 .5-.8 .5-.8
Propulsion Turbojet Liquid fuel rocket Solid fuel rocket Turbofan Turbofan
Payload 800kt-3MT nuclear 350kt-1MT nuclear or 1000kg conventional 350kt nuclear or 150kg conventional 200kt nuclear; no conventional variant (see notes) Conventional (Kh-101) or nuclear (Kh-102)
Guidance Inertial with radio command correction Inertial with terrain contour matching (TERCOM) Inertial Inertial with TERCOM Probably inertial with TERCOM and satellite guidance, TV terminal guidance
Notes Circular error probable (CEP) 500-1000m. Kh-22NA is a development of Kh-22PSI which entered service in 1971. Anti-ship and anti-radar variants with conventional and nuclear warheads were also developed. Follow-on Kh-32 is in development. Aeroballistic missile. Anti-ship (Kh-15S) and anti-radar (Kh-15P) variants have also been developed. START I designation RKV-500A. Strategic ALCM (range over 600km) countable under START I rules. Kh-55SM (AS-15B) is a long-range variant, with max range of 3000km. Kh-65 is a short-ranged (600km) conventional anti-ship variant, not adopted into service. Kh-555 is a conventional variant of Kh-55SM that has entered service in 2004. A nuclear variant of the Kh-101/102 has been in development for most of the 1990s. As of 2007, it is yet to be deployed. Reported to incorporate stealth features. Kh-101 components are to be used in Kh-SD medium range ALCM currently in development.

[1] A.V. Karpenko, S.M. Ganin, Aviatsionnyye rakety bolshoy dalnosti, (St. Petersburg: Nevskiy bastion, 1998), pp. 14-17, 33, 35-43.
[2] Alevtina Volkova, Sergey Grigoryev, "Strategicheskiye stanut mnogotselevymi," Nezavisimoye voyennoye obozreniye, No. 22/2000, p. 6; in WPS Oborona i Bezopasnost, 20 September 2000; in Integrum Techno,
[3] R. Norris and H. Kristensen, "Russian Nuclear Forces, 2007," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, March-April 2007, pg. 61-67.