The U.S. Cooperative Threat Reduction program in July supported security for six nuclear-weapon train shipments and elimination of 103 metric tons of chemical warfare materials, Senator Richard Lugar (R-Ind.) announced on Tuesday.
Since being established in 1991 to secure and eliminate weapons of mass destruction in former Soviet states, the CTR program has assisted in deactivation of 7,659 strategic nuclear warheads and destruction of 902 ICBMs, 498 ICBM silos, 191 mobile ICBM launchers, 684 submarine-launched ballistic missiles, 492 SLBM launchers, 33 ballistic missile-capable submarines, 155 strategic bombers, 906 nuclear air-to-surface missiles and 194 nuclear test tunnels, according to a press release.
The initiative has also provided protection for 584 nuclear-weapon train shipments, boosted security at 24 nuclear weapons storage facilities and constructed 39 biological agent monitoring stations. It supported the removal of all nuclear weapons from Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus, nations that once respectively held the world's third-, fourth- and eighth-largest nuclear arsenals.
The Nunn-Lugar program aided the elimination of Albania's small stockpile of chemical warfare materials, its first effort outside the former Soviet Union. In total, more than 3,023 metric tons of Albanian and Russian chemical agents have been eliminated with assistance from the U.S. effort.