Farayand Technique

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Last Updated: January 1, 2011
Other Name: Technology of Centrifuge of Iran Company; Farayand Technic
Location: Isfahan (Esfahan)
Subordinate To: Kalaye Electric Company, Atomic Energy Organization of Iran
Size: Industrial complex
Facility Status: Presumed operational

Farayand Technique produces centrifuge components and performs quality testing for P-1 and P-2 centrifuges. [1] The IAEA learned of the site in 2004 after inspectors visited the Kalaye Electric Company. IAEA inspectors conducted extensive environmental sampling at the Farayand facility and discovered the same traces of HEU they had found at the Kalaye site. [2] Tehran had previously moved a contaminated balancing machine from Kalaye to Farayand. [3] The contamination originated from P-1 centrifuges Iran had imported from Pakistan. [4]

According to the opposition-in-exile group The National Council of Resistance of Iran, Tehran changed the name of the firm to "Technology of Centrifuge of Iran Company" after the IAEA inspection.[5] The Agency currently does not have access to the site. Farayand Technique is the target of both U.S. and UN sanctions. [6]

[1] Yonah Alexander and Milton M. Hoenig, The New Iranian Leadership (London: Praeger Security International, 2008), p. 170.
[2] "Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran," International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), 1 June 2004, www.iaea.org.
[3] "Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran," International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), 1 June 2004, www.iaea.org.
[4] "Nuclear Sites, Farayand Technique," Institute for Science and International Security, www.isisnucleariran.org.
[5] "Nuclear: New Revelations on the Iranian Regime Front Companies," National Council of Resistance of Iran, 22 February 2007, www.ncr-iran.org.
[6] UNSCR 1737 listed Farayand Technique as an entity involved in Iran's centrifuge program. In 2007, the U.S. Department of the Treasury designated the company pursuant to Executive Order 13382, an authority aimed at freezing the assets of proliferators of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their supporters. U.S. Department of the Treasury, "Treasury Takes Additional Measures to Combat Iranian WMD Proliferation - Iranian Nuclear and Missile Firms Targeted," 8 June 2007, www.ustreas.gov.

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