Tandem Accelerator

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Last Updated: October 1, 2009
Other Name: Tandem Electrostatic Accelerator
Location: Nuclear Research Center (NRC), Inshas (NE Cairo suburb)
Subordinate To: Atomic Energy Authority (AEA)
Size: 3 MeV
Facility Status: Under commission, possibly operational

The AEA plans to install a 3 MeV, 350 A (microampere) tandem electrostatic accelerator. [1] Although the AEA lists the project on its website as "still in the commissioning state," the accelerator may have become operational sometime in 2004. [2]

Even if the tandem accelerator is operational, the proliferation risk appears low. According to Kemp, assuming a 5 MeV beam and 100 mA (milliampere) current (more than Egypt's planned accelerator), some 50 tandem accelerators would be required to produce enough fissile material for a bomb in two years. [3]

[1] "Tandem Accelerator," Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority, www.eaea.org.eg; M.N.H. Comsan, "Tandem Accelerator Facility at Inshas," Atomic Energy Authority, http://accelconf.web.cern.ch.
[2] Physics Egypt, "Inshas Tandem Accelerator Went Operational," 13 June 2004, www.physicsegypt.org.
[3] R. Scott Kemp, "Nuclear Proliferation with Particle Accelerators," Science and Global Security, 13, 2005, pp. 183-207.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2019.