Heliopolis Company for Chemical Industries

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Last Updated: February 1, 2011
Other Name: Factory 81
Location: Heliopolis
Subordinate To: Ministry of Military Production [1]
Size: One factory
Facility Status: Operational, no longer involved in missile production

Built in 1949, the Heliopolis Company for Chemical Industries was Egypt's first state-owned weapons production plant. [2] During the 1960s, as a component of the Egyptian General Aero Organization, it was involved in the design, development and production of rocket fuels and warhead explosives for the al-Kahir, al-Zafir and al-Ra'id ballistic missiles. [3] It currently manufactures a wide range of mortars and artillery, tank, and air defense ammunition. [4]

[1] Hammam Nasr, "Egypt: Military Factories," International Market Insight, 1998, www.fas.org.
[2] Andrew Rathmell, "Egypt's Military-Industrial Complex," Jane's Intelligence Review 6, No. 10, 1 October 1994, www.janes.com.
[3] "Egypt: Production Capability," Jane's CBRN Assessments, 5 December 2008, www.janes.com.
[4] "Egypt, Land systems sector at heart of industry base," Jane's Defense Weekly, Vol. 34, No. 2, 12 January 2000.

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