|Last Updated:||October 1, 2009|
|Location:||Kazakhstan (Urda and Zhangali Rayons, Western Kazakhstan Oblast)|
From 1957 to 1962, ten nuclear charges were exploded at Kapustin Yar, Western Kazakhstan.  As of January 2001, Russia was leasing the site from Kazakhstan in exchange for annual in-kind payments of military equipment and training, worth $25.5 million. 
 Smantay Tleubergenov, Poligony Kazakhstana (Almaty: Gylym, 1997), pp. 433-436, 480-481.
 "Novosti iz stran SNG," ITAR-TASS, 12 January 2001.