Last Updated: October 1, 2009
Location: Kazakhstan (Urda and Zhangali Rayons, Western Kazakhstan Oblast)
Subordinate To: N/A
Size: N/A
Facility Status: Non-operational

From 1957 to 1962, ten nuclear charges were exploded at Kapustin Yar, Western Kazakhstan. [1] As of January 2001, Russia was leasing the site from Kazakhstan in exchange for annual in-kind payments of military equipment and training, worth $25.5 million. [2]

[1] Smantay Tleubergenov, Poligony Kazakhstana (Almaty: Gylym, 1997), pp. 433-436, 480-481.
[2] "Novosti iz stran SNG," ITAR-TASS, 12 January 2001.

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This article provides an overview of Kazakhstan’s historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2019.