|Last Updated:||March 1, 2011|
|Other Name:||3.0 MV Tandetron Accelerator Facility |
|Location:||Der Al-Hadjar Nuclear Research Center, near Damascus|
|Subordinate To:||Atomic Energy Commission of Syria (AECS)|
In 1997, Syria approached the IAEA and received approval for the construction of an ion beam accelerator, which was installed and commissioned in September 2005.  The facility improves Syria's ability to develop semiconductors and alloys through ion implantation. Syria solely financed the project at a price of approximately $1 million.  IAEA technical cooperation has continued on the accelerator, including equipment and training to perform archaeological analyses of historical objects in Syria. 
The accelerator's proliferation risk appears low. According to Princeton physicist R. Scott Kemp, assuming a 5 MeV beam and a 100 mA (milliampere) current (which is more powerful than Syria's accelerator), some 50 tandem accelerators would be required to produce enough fissile material for a bomb in two years. 
 IAEA Director General, "Technical Cooperation Report for 2003," GC(48)/INF/6, August 2004, p. 21, www.iaea.org.
 IAEA, "Ion Beam Accelerator for Materials Development and Analysis," IAEA-TC Project SYR/8/008, www.iaea.org; IAEA Director General, "Technical Cooperation Report for 2003," GC(48)/INF/6, August 2004, p. 21.
 IAEA, "Ion Beam Accelerator for Materials Development and Analysis," IAEA-TC Project SYR/8/008, www.iaea.org.
 "Syr/1/006: Improving the Utilization of the Ion Beam Accelerator," IAEA-TC Project Datasheet, www-tc.iaea.org.
 R. Scott Kemp, "Nuclear Proliferation with Particle Accelerators," Science and Global Security 13, 2005, pp. 183-207.