Hama Missile Base and Production Factory

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Last Updated: August 1, 2010
Other Name: Hamah; Hammah; Al-Hamma
Location: 110km north of Damascus in the province of Hama
Subordinate To: Syrian Scientific Research Council (SSRC)
Size: Unknown
Facility Status: Operational

Constructed with Iranian, North Korean and Chinese assistance, the Hama complex houses an underground missile production facility and a Scud-C launch base. [1] Missile production reportedly began in 1993. [2] Damascus constructed two separate production plants at the complex, for liquid-fueled and solid-fueled systems. [3]

In 2007, the Jerusalem Post reported that Syria had constructed "more than 30 hardened concrete bunkers that house multiple launchers and missiles" around the Hama complex. [4] According to Jane's, Damascus has deployed two Scud-C brigades, each equipped with eighteen missile launchers, 25km from the site. [5] Eric Croddy asserts that the "Scud-Cs deployed at Hama are supplied with a high ratio of launchers to missiles, enabling Syria to launch many salvos at once." [6]

[1] Yaakov Katz, "Don't Underestimate Syria's Military," The Jerusalem Post, 13 April 2007; Paul Beaver, "Syria to make chemical boblets for 'Scud Cs'," Jane's Defence Weekly, 3 September 1997, www.janes.com.
[2] Greg J. Gerardi and James A. Plotts, "An Annotated Chronology of DPRK Missile Trade and Developments," The Nonproliferation Review, Fall 1994, p. 82.
[3] Anthony H. Cordesman, Aram Nerguizian and Ionut C. Popescus, Israel and Syria: The Military Balance and Prospects of War (Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2008) p. 203.
[4] Khalid Hilal, Leah Kuchinsky and Amin Tarzi, "Israel Sees Growing Missile Threat from Syria," WMD Insights, July/August 2007.
[5] "Syria's Secret Weapons," Jane's Intelligence Digest, 30 April 2003, www.janes.com.
[6] Eric Croddy, Chemical and Biological Warfare: A Comprehensive Survey for the Concerned Citizen (New York, NY: Copernicus Books, 2002),

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