|Last Updated:||March 1, 2011|
|Subordinate To:||Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK)|
Turkey founded the Çekmece Nuclear Research and Training Centre (ÇNAEM) in 1962. It is the primary nuclear research facility in Turkey. The TR-2 research reactor, nuclear fuel facility unit, and the radioactive waste processing and storage facility are all located on the grounds of the ÇNAEM. Other facilities at the Centre include laboratories for radioisotopes, radiopharmaceuticals, and radioactivity analysis.  All of the facilities at ÇNAEM are under IAEA safeguards and subsidiary agreements. 
 "Regulatory and Institutional Framework for Nuclear Activities: Turkey," Nuclear Legislation in OECD Countries, Nuclear Energy Agency, 2008, www.nea.fr.
 "Turkey: Power-Balance Concerns," in Nuclear Programmes in the Middle East: In the Shadow of Iran, ed. Mark Fitzpatrick (London: The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2008), p. 63.