China New Era Corporation

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Last Updated: February 1, 1994
Other Name: 中国新时代公司; New Era Group; Xinshidai
Location: Beijing, China
Subordinate To: State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission
Size: Formerly a large military and civilian hardware conglomerate
Facility Status: Active

In 1980 China’s State Council and Central Military Commission approved the establishment of the New Era Corporation. [1] In 1986 New Era began managing arms exports and trade for the former Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND). [2] It was one of China’s two largest military hardware conglomerates, the other being Poly Technologies Corporation. In 1999, supervision of the New Era Corporation was transferred from the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) General Armament Department to the Working Committee of Central Enterprise. [3] Then in March 2010, the military-related businesses of the New Era Corporation merged with The China Poly Group. [4] The rest of the New Era Corporation joined with the China Energy Conservation Investment Company to become the China Energy Conservation and Environmental Protection Group. [5]

Before 2010, The New Era Corporation’s had numerous export-related affiliates. They included the China Great Wall Industry Corporation, NORINCO, and the China Precision Machinery Import-Export Corporation (CPMIEC). [6]

In 2006, the U.S. Department of State imposed two-year sanctions on the New Era Corporation for missile technology proliferation under Executive Order 12938. [7] In 2008, the State Department again imposed two-year sanctions on the New Era Corporation, this time in pursuant to Section 3 of the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act (INKSNA). [8]

The New Era Corporation’s website advertised conventional military equipment, including artillery, rockets, and light arms. It is unclear to what extent the corporation itself was still involved in missile exports. [9] They expanded their trade in civilian industries, including agriculture, construction, and mining. [10]

[1] “公司简介 [Introduction to the Company],” New Era (Xinshidai) Corporation,
[2] John W. Lewis, Hua Di, and Xue Litai, “Beijing’s Defense Establishment: Solving the Arms-Export Enigma,” International Security, Spring 1991, p. 92; Yan Kong, "China's Arms Trade Bureaucracy," Jane's Intelligence Review, February 1994, p. 80.
[3] “About Us,” China New Era Group Corporation,
[4] “About Us” China Poly Group Corporation,
[5] “About Us,” China New Era Group Corporation,
[6] U.S. Government Printing Office, “Testimony of Daniel A. Pinkston Before U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission Hearing on China’s Proliferation Practices and Its Role in the North Korea Nuclear Crisis on March 10 2005,” 2005 Report to Congress of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, November 2005.
[7] Department of State, “Imposition of Nonproliferation Measures on an Entity in China, Including a Ban on U.S. Government Procurement,” Federal Register, Vol. 69, No. 181, 20 September 2004.
[8] U.S. Department of State, “Bureau of Verification, Compliance and Implementation: Imposition of Measures Against Foreign Persons, Including a Ban on U.S. Government Procurement,” Federal Register, Vol. 73, No. 206, 23 October 2008.
[9] “产品中心 [Products Center],” New Era Corporation,
[10] “Tajik Premier, Chinese Firm Chief Discuss Cooperation,” text from Avesta website, distributed by BBC, 8 May 2008, via:; Linda Lin, “Spotlight: China’s Cobalt Sector Embarks on Road to Consolidation,” Metal Bulletin, 20 June 2011.

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This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents. Copyright 2019.