Jump to search Jump to main navigation Jump to main content Jump to footer navigation

Global Security Newswire

Daily News on Nuclear, Biological & Chemical Weapons, Terrorism and Related Issues

Produced by
NationalJournal logo

Pentagon Close to Selecting Specific Nuclear Cuts Under New START Limits

By Sebastian Sprenger

Global Security Newswire

An unarmed Minuteman 2 intercontinental ballistic missile launches from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif., in this undated photo. Pentagon leaders are close to a decision about altering the mix of U.S. nuclear-delivery vehicles, which include the missiles. An unarmed Minuteman 2 intercontinental ballistic missile launches from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif., in this undated photo. Pentagon leaders are close to a decision about altering the mix of U.S. nuclear-delivery vehicles, which include the missiles. (USAF/Getty Images)

Pentagon leaders expect to soon give President Obama a plan for specific U.S. nuclear cuts to bring the arsenal in line with arms control caps.

A number of alternatives have been under contemplation for reducing deployed bomber aircraft and land- and submarine-based ballistic missiles to meet a limit of 700 delivery systems and 1,550 warheads under the New START agreement, which entered into force in February 2011.

"We've looked at this problem very, very hard over the last year," Adm. James Winnefeld, the vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said in response to a question from Representative Jim Langevin (D-R.I) at a Thursday hearing.

He said defense leaders are "close" to finalizing a recommendation.

"It's a vexing challenge to look at all of the factors involved and the relative advantages of decreasing [intercontinental ballistic missile] silos and decreasing [submarine-launched ballistic missile] tubes on submarines," Winnefeld told members of the House Armed Services Committee.

Internal Pentagon discussions surrounding the matter had been "spirited," the No. 2 military officer added.

At issue is how the Pentagon will alter its mix of delivery vehicles for nuclear weapons -- ground-launched Minuteman 3 missiles, submarine-launched Trident D-5 missiles, and bombers -- to meet limits of the New START agreement with Russia. Beyond the 700-system cap, 100 delivery platforms are allowed in reserve.

Congress already has waded into the debate. Lawmakers from states hosting the nation's 450 Minuteman missiles are attempting to block the Pentagon from starting even initial studies into the possibility of closing a portion of their underground launch silos.

Winnefeld on Thursday decried the Pentagon's inability to proceed with assessing launch-silo requirements, arguing that insights from such analyses are badly needed for future decisions.

In questioning Winnefeld, Langevin indirectly criticized congressional opponents to possible reductions.

"I, for one, would feel much better knowing that decisions made regarding what constitutes a safe, secure and effective deterrent triad is informed by the best judgment of our uniformed leaders about how to balance a deterrent, rather than shaping the nation's nuclear force based on parochial interests," the lawmaker said.

NTI Analysis

  • Russian Ballistic Missile Models

    May 14, 2014

    This page contains interactive 3D missile models for Russia. Users can drag the model by pressing and holding their mouse’s scroll wheel. They can zoom in and out on the model by rolling their scroll wheel up and down, and can orbit the model by clicking and dragging their left mouse button.

  • Proliferation Pathways to a North Korean Intercontinental Ballistic Missile

    Dec. 20, 2013

    Jason Hernandez explores three pathways to an ICBM that North Korea may pursue from its current technology and capabilities base, and the effects of each pathway on the international community.

Country Profile

Flag of United States

United States

This article provides an overview of the United States’ historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.

Learn More →