Global Security Newswire
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Third Chemical-Arms Shipment Leaves Syria
A transport ship on Monday removed a third chemical-arms cache from Syria as part of a global effort to destroy the ruling regime's chemical arsenal.
The extraction of the chemicals by a Norwegian cargo ship took place days after the U.N. Security Council formally pressed Syrian President Bashar Assad's government to accelerate transfers of its chemical-warfare stocks onto foreign freighters, which were initially scheduled to finish removing the bulk of the materials by last week.
"A significant effort is needed to ensure the chemicals that still remain in Syria are removed -- in accordance with a concrete schedule and without further delays," Ahmet Üzümcü, director general of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, said in prepared comments.
Less than 5 percent of Syria's chemical arsenal reportedly had been removed from the country prior to Monday's shipment. No details on the size of the latest delivery are included in a statement released on Monday by Üzümcü's agency and the United Nations.
The organizations confirmed, though, that Assad's government has proceeded to destroy "some chemical materials" within Syrian borders. They did not specify the type or quantity of chemical assets targeted for domestic elimination.
Damascus has attempted to justify delays in handing over the deadliest portions of its chemical arsenal by citing complications in moving the materials across the violence-racked nation, from inland storage facilities to the country's Latakia seaport. However, the basis for that argument has faced pointed criticism from international overseers, who said Assad's government holds the equipment it needs to ensure the safety of overland chemical shipments.
Russia, a key ally of the Syrian government, has backed the regime's defense of its slow progress in turning over the chemical stocks. Last week, though, Moscow said Damascus intended to hand over a significant portion of the remaining materials by March 1.
U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon last week joined Russian diplomats in offering assurances that an end-of-June deadline is still within reach for the stockpile's full destruction. The international push to rid Damascus of its chemical arsenal began weeks after a release of sarin nerve agent took place last August in a Damascus suburb, allegedly killing more than 1,400 people. Assad's government denied responsibility for the strike, but it admitted possessing chemical arms and agreed to cooperate in their elimination.
Oct. 31, 2013
This CNS issue brief examines the lessons learned from dismantling Libya and Iraq's chemical weapons programs and what these two cases presage for disarmament in Syria. In particular, this article explores the challenges relating to ensuring material and physical security for both inspectors and the chemical weapons stockpile itself; verifying the accuracy and completeness of disclosed inventories; and developing effective monitoring and verification regimes for the long-term. The conclusion examines recommendations stemming from this analysis.
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The UNSCR 1540 Resource Collection examines implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, which requires all states to implement measures aimed at preventing non-state actors from acquiring NBC weapons, related materials, and their means of delivery. It details implementation efforts in all of the regions and countries of the world to-date.
This article provides an overview of Syria's historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.