Two More States to Ratify Test Ban Treaty

The Central African Republic and Trinidad and Tobago are today scheduled to formally ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (see GSN, May 6).

“Ratification by the two nations shows the significance of the role that every single state has to play in creating and sustaining momentum in favor of this treaty,” said Tibor Tóth, head of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization, said in a press release.

“Following the great news from Indonesia that it will soon ratify the treaty and reduce to eight the number of states whose ratification is necessary for its entry into force, these two additional ratifications bring us closer to the universality of the treaty,” he added (see GSN, May 5).

The treaty now has 182 member nations, of which 153 have also ratified the measure.

Indonesia is among the 44 "Annex 2" nations that must ratify the treaty before it can enter into force as a global ban on nuclear testing. Nine of those states, which participated in negotiations on the pact in the 1990s while operating nuclear power or research reactors, have yet to become CTBT member nations. Along with Indonesia, the holdouts are China, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, North Korea, Pakistan and the United States.

A formal presentation with the two latest ratifying states is scheduled for this afternoon at U.N. headquarters in New York, site of the nearly finished review conference for the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (see GSN, May 25).

The Central African Republic signed the treaty in December 2001 and is set to house two of a planned 337 global installations for detection of nuclear test blasts. Thirty-eight of Africa's 51 nations have signed and ratified the treaty.

Including Trinidad and Tobago, 30 states in Latin America and the Caribbean have ratified the pact. Cuba and Dominica have not signed the agreement, while Guatemala has signed but not ratified the treaty (Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization release, May 25).

May 26, 2010
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The Central African Republic and Trinidad and Tobago are today scheduled to formally ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (see GSN, May 6).