Former Yugoslavia Flag for Former Yugoslavia

Former Yugoslavia

Historically, the Former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) produced chemical weapons and pursued both nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. However, none of the Former Yugoslavia’s successor states have weapons of mass destruction or programs for their development.

Region   Former Soviet Union

1940-1987 Intermittently pursued a nuclear weapons program

Ended its nuclear program in the 1960’s, but restarted after India’s nuclear test in 1974

April 28, 1992 Republic officially broke up


Nuclear

  • Collaborated with Norway on nuclear research until the early 1960’s
  • Transferred all remaining HEU to Russia by the end of 2010
  • All successor states have independently signed and ratified the NPT

Former Yugoslavia Nuclear Overview


Biological

  • No evidence of any attempts to establish an offensive biological weapons program
  • All successor states have independently acceded to the BTWC

Former Yugoslavia Biological Overview


Missile

  • Allegedly collaborated with Libya and Iraq on various types of missile development
  • Serbia is the only successor state to possess its own missile program
  • No successor states are members of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)


Chemical

  • Produced a wide variety of chemical weapons and delivery systems prior to its breakup in 1991
  • All remaining production equipment and materials destroyed under the supervision of the OPCW in 2003
  • All successor states have independently acceded to the CWC

Former Yugoslavia Chemical Overview

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

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Facilities

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Analysis

Former Yugoslavia


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