Yemen Flag for Yemen

Country Spotlight

Yemen is a member in good standing of major nonproliferation agreements. Since the outbreak of Civil War in 2015, ballistic missiles have flowed into Yemen, and Islamist rebels have used Yemeni territory to launch missile attacks against belligerents in the conflict, including Saudi Arabia and the UAE.

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Region   Middle East and North Africa

~300 Scud missiles stockpiled in 2015

160+ Houthi missiles intercepted by Saudi Arabia

~40 Number of chemical weapons attacks carried out by Egypt on Yemeni territory during the North Yemen Civil War


Nuclear

  • Not known to have ever pursued a nuclear weapons program
  • Has expressed interest in developing nuclear power, but ongoing conflict has prevented this
  • Party to International Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material


Biological

  • Not known to have ever pursued a biological weapons program
  • Originally signed the Biological Weapons Convention as North and South Yemen before unification in 1990


Missile

  • Possesses Soviet Scud ballistic missiles and North Korean Hwasong ballistic missiles
  • Most Yemeni missiles were seized by Houthi rebels after the start of the civil war
  • Ongoing civil war has been marked by extensive ballistic missile use by all parties


Chemical

  • Subjected to chemical weapons use by Egypt during the North Yemen Civil War (1963-1967)
  • Not known to have ever pursued a chemical weapons program
  • Passed legislation in 2014 to strengthen domestic chemical regulations

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

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NPT

The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

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Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) requires countries to destroy all chemical weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using chemical weapons.

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Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM)

The Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) focuses on the physical protection of peaceful use of nuclear materials

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Biological Weapons Convention (BTWC)

The BTWC mandates the elimination of existing biological weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using biological and toxin weapons.

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Facilities

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Analysis

Yemen

Investing in Global Health Security: How to Build a Fund for Pandemic Preparedness in 2022

Paper

Investing in Global Health Security: How to Build a Fund for Pandemic Preparedness in 2022

On April 21, 2022, immediately after G20 finance ministers and central bank governors reached consensus to establish a new Fund for preparedness at the World Bank, a group of leading experts and stakeholders from met to review progress and offer advice on next steps. This paper aims to inform next steps to structure, approve, and launch a new Fund, including the forthcoming consultative process led by the World Bank.


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