Yemen Flag for Yemen

Country Spotlight

Yemen has been embroiled in political crisis since 2011, with civil war breaking out in 2015. The country has been a member in good standing of several international disarmament agreements. However, Yemen’s current instability, which has given safe haven to several Islamist terror organizations, poses grave proliferation and terrorism concerns.

See Yemen's preformance in

Region   Middle East and North Africa

~300 Scud missiles stockpiled in 2015

233,000+ Civilians killed in the conflict so far

160+ Houthi missiles intercepted by Saudi Arabia


  • Not known to have ever pursued a nuclear weapons program
  • Has expressed interest in developing nuclear power, but ongoing conflict has prevented this
  • Drafted laws relating to a civil nuclear program with the IAEA in 2007


  • Not known to have ever pursued a biological weapons program
  • Since 2016, has been experiencing the worst cholera outbreak in modern history
  • Conflict and blockades have made medical equipment difficult to access


  • Possesses Soviet Scud ballistic missiles and North Korean Hwasong ballistic missiles
  • Most Yemeni missiles were seized by Houthi rebels after the start of the civil war
  • Ongoing civil war has been marked by extensive ballistic missile use by all parties


  • Subjected to chemical weapons use by Egypt during the North Yemen Civil War (1963-1967)
  • Not known to have ever pursued a chemical weapons program
  • Passed legislation in 2014 to strengthen domestic chemical regulations

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

See all Treaties & Regimes


The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

Learn More

Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) requires countries to destroy all chemical weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using chemical weapons.

Learn More

Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM)

The Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) focuses on the physical protection of peaceful use of nuclear materials

Learn More

Biological Weapons Convention (BTWC)

The BTWC mandates the elimination of existing biological weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using biological and toxin weapons.

Learn More


See All Facilities



More Analysis

Education Center

Extensive resources on nuclear policy, biological threats, radiological security, cyber threats and more.

Explore the Center


My Resources