Yemen Flag for Yemen

Country Spotlight

Yemen has been embroiled in political crisis since 2011, with civil war breaking out in 2015. The country has been a member in good standing of several international disarmament agreements. However, Yemen’s current instability, which has given safe haven to several Islamist terror organizations, poses grave proliferation and terrorism concerns.

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Region   Middle East and North Africa

~300 Scud missiles stockpiled in 2015

233,000+ Civilians killed in the conflict so far

160+ Houthi missiles intercepted by Saudi Arabia


Nuclear

  • Not known to have ever pursued a nuclear weapons program
  • Has expressed interest in developing nuclear power, but ongoing conflict has prevented this
  • Drafted laws relating to a civil nuclear program with the IAEA in 2007


Biological

  • Not known to have ever pursued a biological weapons program
  • Since 2016, has been experiencing the worst cholera outbreak in modern history
  • Conflict and blockades have made medical equipment difficult to access


Missile

  • Possesses Soviet Scud ballistic missiles and North Korean Hwasong ballistic missiles
  • Most Yemeni missiles were seized by Houthi rebels after the start of the civil war
  • Ongoing civil war has been marked by extensive ballistic missile use by all parties


Chemical

  • Subjected to chemical weapons use by Egypt during the North Yemen Civil War (1963-1967)
  • Not known to have ever pursued a chemical weapons program
  • Passed legislation in 2014 to strengthen domestic chemical regulations

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

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NPT

The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

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Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) requires countries to destroy all chemical weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using chemical weapons.

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Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM)

The Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) focuses on the physical protection of peaceful use of nuclear materials

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Biological Weapons Convention (BTWC)

The BTWC mandates the elimination of existing biological weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using biological and toxin weapons.

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Facilities

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Analysis

Yemen


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