Vice President, International Fuel Cycle Strategies
Connecting the Pillars of the NPT: Multilateral Disarmament Verification and Non-Proliferation
With 191 states parties, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) serves as the foundation for global efforts to curb the spread of nuclear weapons. A key pillar of the treaty is its commitment to disarmament, and it calls on all states—those with and without nuclear weapons—to contribute to the process. But the treaty leaves important questions unanswered: How can non-nuclear weapon states fulfill their obligation to contribute to disarmament if they are not allowed access to nuclear weapons and have no knowledge of their design, specific materials, or applied technologies? How can nuclear weapon and non-nuclear weapon states cooperate to verify disarmament while also protecting proliferation-sensitive information?
This new NTI Paper, Connecting the Pillars of the NPT: Multilateral Disarmament Verification and Non-Proliferation, is a unique analytical contribution that explores the juxtaposition of NPT disarmament obligations and verification challenges. Authors Corey Hinderstein and Lars van Dassen address key questions and posit that non-proliferation and disarmament efforts can be reinforcing and not contradictory, especially regarding verification.
About the Authors
Corey Hinderstein is Vice President of International Fuel Cycle Strategies at the Nuclear Threat Initiative, where she co-leads the International Partnership for Nuclear Disarmament Verification secretariat with the U.S. State Department. She edited the book Cultivating Confidence: Verification, Monitoring, and Enforcement for a World Free of Nuclear Weapons (Hoover Institution Press, 2010) and co-authored the Innovating Verification: New Tools and New Actors to Reduce Nuclear Risks report series.
Lars van Dassen is the Executive Director of the World Institute for Nuclear Security (WINS). Prior to joining WINS on January 1, 2021, he was Director of the Office for International Relations at the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM). In this capacity, he participated in the Quad Nuclear Verification Partnership and International Partnership for Nuclear Disarmament Verification.
This paper was generously supported by the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM).
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This paper was written as a part of an effort by the Working Group on an Expanded Nonproliferation System. The group was jointly established by CSIS and the Nuclear Threat Initiative to bring about more complete participation by India in the nonproliferation system, and it included experts in international nuclear affairs and in foreign policy from both India and the United States. The group advocated for Indian membership in export control groups.