Myanmar Flag for Myanmar

Country Spotlight

Myanmar is not believed to have a nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons program, as open source intelligence has been unable to confirm the presence or pursuit of such programs. Myanmar maintains diplomatic relations with North Korea, which is believed to contribute to Myanmar’s limited missile program. Myanmar is a party to most applicable treaties and international regimes.

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Region   East Asia and the Pacific

200 Employees of the Department of Atomic Energy

5 Areas for potential uranium mining according to Ministry of Energy

1992 Signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT)


Nuclear

  • Party to both the NPT and Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone since early 1990s
  • Established the Department of Atomic Energy within the Ministry of Science and Technology in 1997
  • Expressed plans in 2014 to develop a nuclear research reactor, but currently lacks the resources to do so

Myanmar Overview


Biological

  • Maintains a limited biotechnology sector, including operation of the Biotechnology Development Center at Pathein University, established in 2004
  • Ratified the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention in 2014
  • No evidence of a biological weapons program

Myanmar Overview


Missile

  • Possesses small number of surface-to-air (SAM) missiles from Russia and China
  • Officials visited missile-related facilities in North Korea in 2008
  • U.S. confronted two North Korean ships claiming to be headed for Myanmar carrying missiles and various missile equipment

Myanmar Overview


Chemical

  • Many allegations over the past decades of a covert chemical weapons program primarily from Burmese dissident groups, but no evidence to suggest the existence of a CW program
  • Ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention in 2015
  • Operates a small chemical industrial sector, but imports all its toxic industrial chemicals

Myanmar Overview

Treaties and Regimes Memberships

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Bangkok Treaty

The SEANWFZ Treaty (Bangkok Treaty) preserves Southeast Asia as a Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone and free from weapons of mass destruction.

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Biological Weapons Convention (BTWC)

The BTWC mandates the elimination of existing biological weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using biological and toxin weapons.

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Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) requires countries to destroy all chemical weapons and prohibits developing, stockpiling, or using chemical weapons.

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NPT

The NPT is a treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons through the three pillars of non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.

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Facilities

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Strengthening Global Systems to Prevent and Respond to High-Consequence Biological Threats

Report

Strengthening Global Systems to Prevent and Respond to High-Consequence Biological Threats

A new NTI | bio report released today on the sidelines of the Biological Weapons Convention Meeting of States Parties, “Strengthening Global Systems to Prevent and Respond to High-Consequence Biological Threats,” outlines actionable recommendations for the international community to bolster prevention and response capabilities for high-consequence biological events.


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