North Korea reportedly began construction of the Sakkabbong missile base in 1992 or 1993, and construction of the base was reportedly nearing completion in March 2001. The Chosun Ilbo reports that Sakkabbong is a base for Hwasŏng-6 [Scud-C] missiles; however, other reports only say it is a “Scud missile” base. [Note: The South Korean press quotes defense officials as calling the base location “Sakkamol (삿갓몰), North Hwanghae Province.” However, current North Korean maps reveal a “Sakkabbong” (삿갓봉) in Koksan-kun, North Hwanghae Province. “Sakkamol” is probably an old name, or a name used in the local dialect. There are at least three other locations called “Sakkabbong” (삿갓봉), one in Anbyŏn-kun (安邊郡), Kangwŏn Province; one in Hŭich’on (熙川市), Chagang Province; and a third on the boundary between the cities of Kaech’ŏn (价川市) and Sunch’ŏn (順川市) in South P’yŏng’an Province.]
- Scud is the designation for a series of short-range ballistic missiles developed by the Soviet Union in the 1950s and transferred to many other countries. Most theater ballistic missiles developed and deployed in countries of proliferation concern, for example Iran and North Korea, are based on the Scud design.
 Kang Ho Shik, “Puk Missile Chŭngga Chŏllyŏk Chŏnjinbaech’i Anp’akk,” Kyunghyang Shinmun, 5 March 2001, p. 3, in KINDS, www.kinds.or.kr.
 Kim Min Sŏk, “Puk Scud Missiler Kiji Chŭngsŏl,” Joongang Ilbo, 5 March 2001, p. 2, in KINDS, www.kinds.or.kr.
 Kang Ho Shik, “Puk Scud Missile Kiji Chŭngsŏl,” Kyunghyang Shinmun, 5 March 2001, p. 1, in KINDS, www.kinds.or.kr.
 Chu Yong Chung, “Sajŏng 500km Scud C Missile 200 Ki,” Chosun Ilbo, 29 September 1999, p. 1, in KINDS, www.kinds.or.kr.
 Kim Chong Hun, “99 Kukbangbaeksŏ Palp’yo – Pukpyŏngnyŏk Manmyŏng Nŭl’ŏ 117 Manmyŏng,” Kyunghyang Shinmun, 13 October 1999, p. 3, in KINDS, www.kinds.or.kr.
 Kim Yŏng Bŏn, “Puk Hwahangmugi 5,000t Poyu,” Munhwa Ilbo, 13 October 1999, p. 30, in KINDS, www.kinds.or.kr.
 “Buk, Hwangbuk Tŏ’gol Tŭng 6 Kot Scud Missile Kiji Kongsa,” Yonhap News Agency, 26 October 1999, www.yonhapnews.co.kr.
 Kim Min Sŏk, “Puk Missile Kiji Kyesok Chŭngsŏl,” Joongang Ilbo, 5 March 2001, www.joins.com.