Engaging China on Nuclear Security

Promoting cooperation on materials security, verification and scientific projects


Greater cooperation with China is essential for global arms reductions, international confidence in nuclear materials security, and common approaches in areas like nuclear forensics and arms control verification.


Engage China’s top officials and experts across a range of nuclear security issues.


Unprecedented technical exchanges and policy discussions on sensitive nuclear topics. 

China plays a pivotal role in global security—cooperation with China will be essential for further global arms reductions, to gain international confidence in the security of nuclear materials and to develop approaches to technical topics such as nuclear forensics and arms control verification.  Over the last 5 years, NTI has been working to strengthen nuclear security engagement between China, the U.S. and others.

Beijing Seminar on International Security 

In 2012 and 2014, NTI sponsored the Beijing Seminar on International Security (also known as the PIIC) that brings together over 100 experts from China and around the world to discuss a full range of nuclear security topics. The most recent meeting, held in late 2014 in Hangzhou, included discussions of nuclear energy and security, nuclear forensics, verification, disarmament and other topics of current interest. Another meeting is being planned for 2016.

Nuclear Smuggling Simulation

In addition, NTI has been working in other ways to promote U.S.-China cooperation on nuclear security. On November 3, 2015, the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) and the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR) jointly organized a scenario-based, table-top simulation focused on how China and the United States can strengthen cooperation to prevent or respond to nuclear smuggling and related incidents. Held in Beijing, this event was co-chaired by former U.S. Senator Sam Nunn, NTI’s co-chairman, and Chinese Academician Hu Side.

The table-top simulation was structured around a scenario in which China and the United States worked together to thwart a hypothetical nuclear terrorist plot. The scenario was developed to highlight the key issues that U.S. and Chinese officials would face in this type of incident.  At the conclusion of the day’s discussions, the participants agreed on the importance of continuing and strengthening U.S.-China cooperation, both together and with other countries, to secure nuclear materials and to prevent and respond to nuclear smuggling or related incidents.

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