Global Security Newswire
Daily News on Nuclear, Biological & Chemical Weapons, Terrorism and Related Issues
Chemical Disarmers Audit Three Locations in Syria
An international watchdog on Thursday said its crews traveled to three Syrian locations in the first days of a fast-track effort to dismantle chemical-warfare materials controlled by Damascus, the Associated Press reported.
The auditors' destinations to date were in areas held by Bashar Assad's government, making them fairly accessible amid Syria's civil war, according to Michael Luhan, spokesman for the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. Damascus admitted its possession of a chemical arsenal and agreed to its destruction just last month, as the United States was preparing a potential military response to a nerve-gas strike weeks earlier in rebel-controlled territory.
Reaching other locations would require 27 disarmament personnel to traverse land controlled by the opposition, according to AP. Brokering short-term truces could be critical for international officials to reach some of the sites, OPCW Director General Ahmet Üzümcü said on Wednesday in The Hague, Netherlands.
Üzümcü told reporters that more than 20 initial locations are due to receive visits following initial declarations by Damascus. U.S. intelligence, though, indicates Assad's regime controls roughly 45 facilities for producing or storing chemical weapons.
Asked about the disparity, the U.S. State Department noted that the chemical watchdog's governing body and the U.N. Security Council both called for Damascus to "permit the OPCW unfettered, immediate access to all other sites of interest."
A European envoy on Wednesday said it is an "open question" if Damascus has been adequately transparent, the New York Times reported.
The chemical-arms disclosure anticipated by Oct. 27 "will give us some ability to say how serious they are,” the insider said from The Hague.
Oct. 31, 2013
This CNS issue brief examines the lessons learned from dismantling Libya and Iraq's chemical weapons programs and what these two cases presage for disarmament in Syria. In particular, this article explores the challenges relating to ensuring material and physical security for both inspectors and the chemical weapons stockpile itself; verifying the accuracy and completeness of disclosed inventories; and developing effective monitoring and verification regimes for the long-term. The conclusion examines recommendations stemming from this analysis.
Oct. 21, 2013
The UNSCR 1540 Resource Collection examines implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, which requires all states to implement measures aimed at preventing non-state actors from acquiring NBC weapons, related materials, and their means of delivery. It details implementation efforts in all of the regions and countries of the world to-date.
This article provides an overview of Syria's historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.