Facilities

Information on global nuclear, chemical, biological, and missile facilities, based on the most credible available open-source material. Prepared for NTI.org by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies.


Global Nuclear, Biological, Chemical, and Missile Facilities

Facilities relevant to WMD and missile facilities of key countries around the world. Since definitive information is often classified, the descriptions and mapped locations of these facilities are sometimes speculative, based on the most credible available open-source material.

  • A map pin for Nuclear
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Flag for Russia Russia


Moscow Engineering and Physics Institute (MIFI or MEPhI)

  • Location Moscow, Russia
  • Type Nuclear-Education and Training
  • Facility Status Operational

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All-Russian Scientific Research Institute for Experimental Physics (VNIIEF)

  • Location Sarov, Nizhniy Novgorod Oblast
  • Type Missile-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Operational

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Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR)

  • Location Dubna, Moscow Oblast
  • Type Nuclear-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Operational

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I.I. Leypunsky Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE)

  • Location Obninsk, Kaluga Oblast
  • Type Nuclear-Power Reactor
  • Facility Status Operational

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B.P. Konstantinov St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (IPPN or PNPI)

  • Location Gatchina, Leningrad Oblast
  • Type Nuclear-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Operational

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Afrikantov Experimental Design Bureau for Mechanical Engineering (OKBM)

  • Location Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
  • Type Nuclear-Power Reactors
  • Facility Status Operational

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A.P. Aleksandrov Scientific Research Technological Institute (NITI)

  • Location Sosnovyy Bor, Leningrad Oblast
  • Type Nuclear-Power Reactors
  • Facility Status Operational

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A.I. Alikhanov Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP)

  • Location Moscow
  • Type Nuclear-Heavy Water Production
  • Facility Status Operational

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A.A. Bochvar High-Technology Scientific Research Institute for Inorganic Materials (VNIINM)

  • Location Moscow
  • Type Nuclear-Waste Management
  • Facility Status Operational

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Mining and Chemical Combine (GKhK)

  • Location Zheleznogorsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai
  • Type Chemical
  • Facility Status Operational

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Mayak Production Association

  • Location Ozersk, Chelyabinsk Oblast
  • Type Nuclear-Enrichment
  • Facility Status Operational

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Akademik Lomonosov

  • Location Pevek, Chukotka
  • Type Nuclear-Power Reactor
  • Facility Status Construction completed in 2019

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Plesetsk Cosmodrome

  • Location Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russian Federation
  • Type Missile-Base
  • Facility Status Operational

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AtomRedMetZoloto (ARMZ Uranium Holding)

  • Location Moscow
  • Type Nuclear-Mining and Milling
  • Facility Status Operational

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Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrates Plant (NCCP)

  • Location Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk Oblast
  • Type Chemical
  • Facility Status Operational

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Chepetsky Mechanical Plant (ChMZ)

  • Location Glazov, Udmurt Republic
  • Type Nuclear-Mining and Milling
  • Facility Status Operational

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Electrochemical Plant (EKhZ) Production Association

  • Location Zelenogorsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai
  • Type Nuclear-Enrichment
  • Facility Status Operational

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Urals Electrochemical Combine (Uekhk)

  • Location Novouralsk, Sverdlovsk Oblast
  • Type Nuclear-Enrichment
  • Facility Status Operational

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Siberian Chemical Combine (SKhK)

  • Location Seversk, Tomsk Oblast
  • Type Chemical
  • Facility Status Operational

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Machine-Building Plant (Elemash)

  • Location Elektrostal, Moscow Oblast
  • Type Nuclear-Weaponization
  • Facility Status Operational

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Punggye-ri Nuclear Test Facility

  • Location Punggye-ri (풍계리), Gilju-gun (길주군), North Hamgyeong Province (함경북도), North Korea
  • Type Nuclear-Test Site
  • Facility Status Operational

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Imam Khomeini Space Center

  • Location Semnan, Iran
  • Type Missile-Missile Bases
  • Facility Status Operational

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Arak Nuclear Complex

  • Location Arak, Iran
  • Type Nuclear-Research Reactors
  • Facility Status Ongoing redesign to meet JCPOA and IAEA requirements

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Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP)

  • Location Halileh, 12km south of Bushehr
  • Type Nuclear-Power Reactors
  • Facility Status 1 reactor operational, 2 new reactors planned

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Natanz Enrichment Complex

  • Location Natanz, Iran
  • Type Nuclear-Enrichment
  • Facility Status Operational

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Fordow Fuel Enrichment Plant

  • Location Qom, Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) Base
  • Type Nuclear-Enrichment
  • Facility Status Operational as nuclear, physics and technology center under IAEA safeguards

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Sohae Satellite Launching Station

  • Location Dongchang-dong (동창동), Cheolsan-gun (철산군), Pyonganbuk-do (평안북도), North Korea
  • Type Missile-Base
  • Facility Status Operational

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Pilot Fuel Enrichment Plant (PFEP)

  • Location Natanz Enrichment Plant
  • Type Nuclear-Enrichment
  • Facility Status Operational

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Shahroud Missile Test Site

  • Location Shahroud, Tehran province
  • Type Missile-Testing
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Parchin Military Complex

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Nuclear-Weaponization
  • Facility Status Operational

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Tehran Research Reactor (TRR)

  • Location Tehran Nuclear Research Center
  • Type Nuclear-Research Reactors
  • Facility Status Operational

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Saghand Uranium Mine

  • Location Northeast of Yazd province in central Iran desert, Kavir
  • Type Nuclear-Mining and Milling
  • Facility Status Operational

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Tehran Nuclear Research Center (TNRC)

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Nuclear-Weaponization
  • Facility Status Operational

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Lashkar Ab’ad

  • Location Hashtgerd
  • Type Nuclear-Enrichment
  • Facility Status Possibly operational

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Zirconium Production Plant (ZPP)

  • Location Isfahan (Esfahan)
  • Type Nuclear-Fuel Fabrication
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Uranium Conversion Facility (UCF)

  • Location Isfahan (Esfahan)
  • Type Nuclear-Conversion
  • Facility Status Operational; undergoing maintenance since summer 2009

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground

  • Location Musudan-ri (무수단리), Hwadae-kun (화대군), North Hamgyong Province (함경북도), North Korea
  • Type Missile-Base
  • Facility Status Operational; second launch pad under construction

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Yongbyon High-Explosive Test Site

  • Location Near the banks of the Kuryong River (구룡강), Bungang-jigu (분강지구), Yongbyon-gun (영변군), North Pyeongan Province (평안북도), North Korea
  • Type Nuclear-Weaponization
  • Facility Status Probably unused since the 1990s

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Yongdeok-dong High-Explosive Test Site

  • Location Yongdeok-dong (용덕동), Guseong (구성), North Pyeongan Province (평안북도), North Korea*
  • Type Nuclear-Weaponization
  • Facility Status Operational [1]

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Kim Il Sung University

  • Location Ryongnam-dong (룡남동), Daesong-kuyok (대성구역), Pyongyang (평양시), North Korea
  • Type Nuclear-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Operational

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


MGC-20 Cyclotron

  • Location Sosan-dong (서산동), Sosong-guyok (서성구역), Pyongyang (평양시), Pyongyang, North Korea*
  • Type Nuclear-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Taecheon 200MWe Nuclear Reactor

  • Location Taecheon-gun (태천군), Pyeonganbuk-do (평안북도), North Korea
  • Type Nuclear-Power Reactor
  • Facility Status unfinished, abandoned

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Yongbyon Nuclear Research Center

  • Location Pungang-jigu (분강지구), Yongbyon-gun (영변군), Pyonganbuk-do (평안북도), North Korea*
  • Type Nuclear-Reprocessing
  • Facility Status Operational

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Atomic Energy Research Institute

  • Location Bungang-jigu (분강지구), Yongbyon-gun (영변군), Pyonganbuk-do (평안북도), North Korea
  • Type Nuclear-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Operational

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Geumho-Jigu Light Water Reactor Site

  • Location Geumho-Jigu (금호지구), Sinpo (신포시), Hamgyeongnam-do (함경남도), North Korea
  • Type Nuclear-Power Reactor
  • Facility Status Unfinished, construction stopped

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Geumchang-ri Underground Facility

  • Location Geumchang-ri (금창리), Taegwan-gun (대관군), North Pyeongan Province (평안북도), North Korea
  • Type Nuclear-Storage
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Hagap Underground Suspected Nuclear Facility

  • Location Area around Gaphyundong (갑현동), Huicheon (희천시), Jagang Province (자강도), North Korea. Note: Hagap (하갑), Nammyeon (남면), Huicheon-gun (희천군), North Pyeongan Province is an old administrative name for Gaphyeondong. In 1949, Huicheon-gun became part of Jagang Province, which was formed from part of North Pyeongan Province. Huicheon is now a city.
  • Type Nuclear-Enrichment
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology (GIKI)

  • Location Topi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
  • Type Missile-Education and Training
  • Facility Status Operational

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Mashhood Test Firing Range (MTFR)

  • Location Tilla Jogian (25km west of Jhelum)
  • Type Missile-Testing
  • Facility Status Active

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Sonmiani Flight Test Range (FTR)

  • Location 50km W Karachi [1]
  • Type Missile-Testing
  • Facility Status Active

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Defense Science and Technology Organization (DESTO)

  • Location Chaklala Cantt, Rawalpindi
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Operational

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Pakistan Ordnance Factories (POF)

  • Location Wah Cantt
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Active

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Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO)

  • Location Headquartered in Karachi; additional facilities in Islamabad, Lahore, Multan, and Peshawar [1]
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Active

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Khan Research Laboratories (KRL)

  • Location Rawalpindi
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Active

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Air Weapons Complex (AWC)

  • Location Kamra, Wah Cantonment
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Active

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National Defense Complex (NDC)

  • Location Fatehjang, Tarwanah suburb, Rawalpindi (50km, SW Islamabad)
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Active

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National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM)

  • Location Islamabad
  • Type Missile-Regulatory
  • Facility Status Active

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Strategic Plans Division (SPD)

  • Location Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Type Missile-Regulatory
  • Facility Status Active

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National Command Authority (NCA)

  • Location Islamabad
  • Type Missile-Regulatory
  • Facility Status Active [3]

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National Security Council of Pakistan (NSC)

  • Location Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Type Missile-Regulatory
  • Facility Status Active

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Karachi Institute of Power Engineering (KINPOE)

  • Location Approximately 25km west of Karachi
  • Type Nuclear-Education and Training
  • Facility Status Operational

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Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC)

  • Location Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Type Nuclear-Regulatory
  • Facility Status Operational

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Kundian Nuclear Complex-1 (KNC-1)

  • Location Kundian, NW region of Punjab Province; Approximately 200km SW of Islamabad
  • Type Nuclear-Fuel Fabrication
  • Facility Status Operational

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Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics (IPM)

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Nuclear-Education and Training
  • Facility Status Open

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Imam Hussein University (IHU)

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Nuclear-Education and Training
  • Facility Status Open

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Amir Kabir University of Technology

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Nuclear-Education and Training
  • Facility Status Open

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Yazd Radiation Processing Center (YRPC)

  • Location Yazd
  • Type Nuclear-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Operational

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Light Water Sub-Critical Reactor (ENTC-LWSCR)

  • Location Esfahan (Isfahan) Nuclear Technology Center (INTC)
  • Type Nuclear-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Operational

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Isfahan (Esfahan) Nuclear Technology Center (INTC)

  • Location University of Isfahan
  • Type Nuclear-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Operational

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Isfahan (Esfahan) Nuclear Fuel Research and Production Center (NFRPC)

  • Location Reshandasht, south east of Isfahan (Esfahan)
  • Type Nuclear-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Operational

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Heavy Water Zero Power Reactor (ENTC-HWZPR)

  • Location Esfahan (Isfahan) Nuclear Technology Center (ENTC)
  • Type Nuclear-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Operational

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Graphite Sub-Critical Reactor (ENTC GSCR)

  • Location Esfahan (Isfahan) Nuclear Technology Center (ENTC)
  • Type Nuclear-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Operational

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Bonab Atomic Energy Research Center

  • Location Bonab
  • Type Nuclear-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Operational

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Qom Waste Disposal Site

  • Location Qom
  • Type Nuclear-Waste Management
  • Facility Status Operational

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Anarak Waste Storage Facility

  • Location Anarak
  • Type Nuclear-Waste Management
  • Facility Status Operational

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Miniature Neutron Source Reactor (MNSR)

  • Location Isfahan Nuclear Technology Center
  • Type Nuclear-Research Reactors
  • Facility Status Operational

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Heavy Water Production Plant (HWPP)

  • Location Khondab, near Arak
  • Type Nuclear-Heavy Water Production
  • Facility Status Probably Operating

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Fuel Enrichment Plant (FEP)

  • Location Natanz Enrichment Plant
  • Type Nuclear-Enrichment
  • Facility Status Partially operational

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Defense Industries Organization (DIO)

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Nuclear-Enrichment
  • Facility Status Operational

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Fuel Fabrication Laboratory (FFL)

  • Location Isfahan (Esfahan)
  • Type Nuclear-Fuel Fabrication
  • Facility Status Operational

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Bandar Abbas Uranium Production Plant (BUP)

  • Location Bandar Abbas
  • Type Nuclear-Mining and Milling
  • Facility Status Operational

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Ardakan Yellowcake Production Plant

  • Location Ardakan
  • Type Nuclear-Mining and Milling
  • Facility Status Operational

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Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI)

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Nuclear-Regulatory
  • Facility Status Operational

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Bandar Abbas

  • Location Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan
  • Type Missile-Missile Bases
  • Facility Status Operational

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Bakhtaran Missile Base

  • Location Kermanshah
  • Type Missile-Missile Bases
  • Facility Status Operational

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Tabriz Missile Base

  • Location Tabriz
  • Type Missile-Missile Bases
  • Facility Status Operational

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Imam Ali Missile Base

  • Location Khorramabad, Lorestan
  • Type Missile-Missile Bases
  • Facility Status Operational

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Bank Sepah

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Operational

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Isfahan Missile Complex

  • Location Isfahan
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Operational

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Fajr Industrial Group

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Operational

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Shahid Bakeri Industrial Group

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Operational

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Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Operational

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Shiraz Missile Plant

  • Location Shiraz, Fars
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Operational

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Semnan Missile Complex

  • Location Semnan
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Operational

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Parchin Military Complex

  • Location Parchin
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Operational

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Aerospace Industries Organization (AIO)

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Missile-Regulatory
  • Facility Status Operational

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Defense Industries Organization (DIO)

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Missile-Regulatory
  • Facility Status Operational

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Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics (MODAFL)

  • Location Tehran
  • Type Missile-Regulatory
  • Facility Status Operational

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P’yŏngsan Uranium Milling Facility

  • Location P'yŏnghwa-ri (평화리), P'yŏngsan-kun (평산군), North Hwanghae Province (황해북도), North Korea
  • Type Nuclear-Milling
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Pakch’ŏn Uranium Mine

  • Location P'akch'ŏn-kun (박천군), North P'yŏng'an Province (평안북도), North Korea
  • Type Nuclear-Exploration and Mining
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Chiha-ri Missile Base

  • Location Chiha-ri (지하리), P'an'gyo-kun (판교군), Kangwŏn Province (강원도), North Korea
  • Type Missile-Base
  • Facility Status Active

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No. Seven Factory

  • Location Yongsŏng-kuyŏk (용성구역), Pyongyang (평양시), North Korea, about "a 20-30 minute bus ride from the Man'gyŏngdae Electric Machinery Factory"
  • Type Missile-Research and Development

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Sŭngni Automobile Factory

  • Location Tŏkch'ŏn (덕천군), South P'yŏng'an Province (평안남도)
  • Type Missile-Production

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Pukchung Machine Complex

  • Location Pukchung-nodongjagu (북중노동자구), Yongch'ŏn-kun (용천군), North Pyŏng'an Province (평안북도)
  • Type Missile-Production

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Pyongyang Semiconductor Factory

  • Location Taedonggang-dong (대동강동), Taedonggang-kuyŏk (대동강구역), Pyongyang
  • Type Missile-Production

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Kusŏng Machine Tool Factory

  • Location Kusŏng (구성시), North P'yŏng'an Province (평안북도), North Korea
  • Type Missile-Production

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


January 18th Machine Factory

  • Location Kag'am-dong (각암동), Kaech'ŏn (개천시), South P'yŏng'an Province (평안남도), North Korea
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


No. 26 Factory

  • Location Konggwi-dong (공귀동), Kanggye (강계시), Chagang Province (자강도), North Korea
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Hamheung University of Chemical Industry

  • Location Segori-dong (세거리동), Hamhung (함흥시), Hamgyongnam-do (함경남도), North Korea
  • Type Chemical-Research and Development
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


No. 125 Factory

  • Location Northwestern part of Pyongyang. There are conflicting reports on the location of this facility. Some reports place the factory in Chung'i-dong (중이동), Yongsŏng-kuyŏk (용성구역), Pyongyang, and others place it in Hyŏngjesan-kuyŏk (형제산구역), Pyongyang. Yongsŏng-kuyŏk and Hyŏngjesan-kuyŏk are adjacent to each other, and Chung'i-dong is right next to Hyŏngjesan-kuyŏk, which could be the cause for confusion. The South Korean Ministry of Unification reports that the factory is in "Chunggye-dong" (중계동), Hyŏngjesan-kuyŏk, Pyongyang, but apparently there is no "Chunggye-dong" in Hyŏngjesan-kuyŏk. There is a "Ch'ŏnggye-dong," which is nearby, but in Yongsŏng-kuyŏk.
  • Type Missile-Production
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Yongnim-ŭp Missile Base

  • Location Yongnim-ŭp (용림읍), Yongnim-kun (용림군), Chagang Province (자강도), North Korea
  • Type Missile-Base
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Yŏngjŏ-ri Missile Base

  • Location Between Kungmangbong (국망봉) and Mujungbong (무중봉), Yŏngjŏ-ri (영저리), Kimhyŏngjik-kun (김형직군), Yanggang Province (양강도), North Korea, about 20km from the Chinese border [Note: "Yŏngjŏ-ri" is often misidentified as "Yŏngjŏ-dong (영저동)" but the actual administrative unit is a "ri (리)."]
  • Type Missile-Base

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Shin’o-ri Missile Base

  • Location Shin'o-ri (신오리), Unjŏn-kun (운전군), North P'yŏng'an Province (평안북도), North KoreaPrimary Function: Deployment and launch of Nodong missiles
  • Type Missile-Base
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Sangnam-ri Missile Base

  • Location Sangnam-ri (상남리), Hŏch'ŏn-kun (호천군), South Hamgyŏng Province (함경남도), North KoreaPrimary Function: Deployment and launch of missiles, possibly Nodong and/or TaepodongSubordinate to: Missile Division (미사일 사단), Ministry of the People's Armed Forces (인민무력성), National Defense Commission (국방위원회)
  • Type Missile-Base
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Flag for North Korea North Korea


Sakkabbong Missile Base

  • Location Sakkabbong (삿갓봉), Koksan-kun (곡산군), North Hwanghae Province (황해북도), North Korea
  • Type Missile-Base
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Okp’yŏng-dong Missile Base

  • Location Okp'yŏng-dong (옥평동), Munch'ŏn (문천시), Kangwŏn Province (강원도), North Korea
  • Type Missile-Base
  • Facility Status Unknown

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Kumcheon Scud Missile Base

  • Location Kŭmch'ŏn-ri (금천리), Anbyŏn-kun (안변군), Kangwŏn Province (강원도), North Korea
  • Type Missile-Base

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Disclaimer: Map locations are approximations for illustrative purposes only. Precise positioning has been deliberately avoided. This map is intended for a broad geographic overview only. This material was produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS).

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