Global Security Newswire
Daily News on Nuclear, Biological & Chemical Weapons, Terrorism and Related Issues
Extremists Seize Shuttered Chemical-Arms Site in Iraq
Jihadists in Iraq captured a key Hussein-era factory for chemical weapons, but Washington downplayed the site's significance, the Washington Post reports.
Fighters for the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria took control of the Muthanna State Establishment as part of the extremist militia's rapidly advancing military campaign launched last week, the newspaper said on Friday. Saddam Hussein's regime used the facility to manufacture mustard blister agent and the nerve gases sarin and VX, but airstrikes during the 1991 Gulf War were believed to have destroyed the site's production capacity.
The U.S. State Department confirmed the facility's capture by ISIS militants, and said it was "concerned about the seizure of any military site" by the organization.
Spokeswoman Jen Psaki added, though, that the facility does not appear to hold usable chemical weapons, "and it would be very difficult, if not impossible, to safely move the materials."
The site contains dilapidated chemical arms inside two airtight storage chambers that extremists had yet to enter, the Wall Street Journal reported on Thursday. Armed-forces insiders said the United States would have eliminated the materials had they been usable in attacks.
"The only people who would likely be harmed by these chemical materials would be the people who tried to use or move them," one of the sources said.
One defense source, though, suggested Washington may not have left the cache in place if U.S. officials had foreseen its capture by opponents of the Iraqi government.
Oct. 31, 2013
This CNS issue brief examines the lessons learned from dismantling Libya and Iraq's chemical weapons programs and what these two cases presage for disarmament in Syria. In particular, this article explores the challenges relating to ensuring material and physical security for both inspectors and the chemical weapons stockpile itself; verifying the accuracy and completeness of disclosed inventories; and developing effective monitoring and verification regimes for the long-term. The conclusion examines recommendations stemming from this analysis.
This article provides an overview of Iraq’s historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.