Global Security Newswire
Daily News on Nuclear, Biological & Chemical Weapons, Terrorism and Related Issues
Iran Oil-Swap Proposal Prompts Questions on U.S. Sanctions Strategy
A senior U.S. lawmaker wants the Obama administration to explain how it would respond if Iran and Russia finalize a "sanctions-busting" oil deal.
U.S. House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce (R-Calif.) said the potential "oil-for-goods" plan would circumvent international efforts to squeeze concessions from Iran on its bomb-usable nuclear activities. In a Monday letter, he asked Secretary of State John Kerry to identify what "designation and enforcement steps" the administration would pursue if the potential $20 billion arrangement takes effect.
Negotiators for Russia, the United States and four other countries are offering Iran relief from economic pressure if the Middle Eastern nation significantly dials back its contested atomic efforts. Tehran denies it is seeking a nuclear-bomb capacity, and so far has not offered curbs sufficient to satisfy Washington and its allies.
Royce said the proposal for Iran to trade oil for nonmonetary goods from Russia "would present a clear violation of Iran's obligations and would undermine the rationale behind the current negotiations." Treasury Secretary Jack Lew in April said Washington could penalize groups or individuals that engage in trade under the possible pact, but he did not specify what legal authorities would permit such action.
The lawmaker also asked for a rundown of steps by Washington or its partners "to deter a potential deal."
The United States contends that a six-month interim accord obligates Iran to cap its average daily oil exports to six key oil-importing nations at about a million barrels. Royce said the list does not include Russia, potentially enabling a barter deal to boost Tehran's daily oil sales by up to half a million additional barrels.
Royce also aired concern over indications that Moscow may supply Iran with arms or nuclear systems under the proposed arrangement.
Jan. 9, 2014
The UNSCR 1540 implementation process in sub-Saharan Africa has been slow. As of October 2011, 26 of the 48 states in the region have submitted 1540 national reports.
Nov. 8, 2013
This report is part of a collection examining implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540, which requires all states to implement measures aimed at preventing non-state actors from acquiring NBC weapons, related materials, and their means of delivery. It details implementation efforts in Central America, South America and the Caribbean to-date.
This article provides an overview of Iran's historical and current policies relating to nuclear, chemical, biological and missile proliferation.