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All Active Russian Nuke Submarines to Get New Missiles

Russia plans to eventually equip all of its active nuclear-armed submarines with the newest generation of the Sineva ballistic missile -- the Liner SLBM, Defense and Security reported on Wednesday (see GSN, Aug. 10, 2011).

The Liner missile is a heavily modified variant of the RSM-54 Sineva formally delivered to the Russian navy in 2007. The weapon can carry  between six and 12 warheads with explosives yields of 150 kilotons or four higher-yield nuclear weapons, placing it on par with the U.S. Trident 2 D-5 submarine-launched ballistic missile. As of summer 2011, Russia had provided 16 Sineva systems to its Delta 4 submarines, according to earlier reports.

"So far, only the submarines on combat duty in the world ocean are armed with them," Russian naval chief Adm. Vladimir Vysotsky said. "However, in the future all our strategic nuclear submarines in service (projects 667 BDRM and BDR Delfin and Kalmar) will be armed with these missiles" (Defense and Security I, May 2).

Separately, Vysotsky said the first of Russia's Borei-class submarines, the Yuri Dolgoruky, is to be inducted into the navy this year alongside the Bulava ballistic missile that would eventually be carried by all vessels of that line, according to Defense and Security (see GSN, April 25).

"We definitely hope that this year the entire system missile+submarine will be adopted for service by the navy," the commander said (Defense and Security II, May 2).

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